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The oxidative stress biomarkers of exposure, such as reduced glutathione (GSH), activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT) and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) and the levels of lipid peroxidation (LPO), were measured in the blood of three cichlid fish (Oreochromis niloticus, Tilapia rendalli, and Geophagus brasiliensis) taken during two seasons(More)
Ecologically distinct species of Hoplias were studied as to the cardio-respiratory responses to graded hypoxia. Hoplias malabaricus maintained a constant oxygen uptake down to a PiO2 of 20 mmHg. Oxygen uptake declined markedly at lower PiO2 and, concomitantly, cardiac frequency decreased. Concurrent reductions of oxygen uptake and heart rate also occurred(More)
Gill respiratory surface area and oxygen consumption during aquatic respiration were measured in the facultative air-breathing loricariid fish,Hypostomus plecostomus. The fish did not surface to breathe atmospheric air in normoxic water; air-breathing was evoked by environmental hypoxia (water oxygen tension=35±2, mmHg) and did not show size-related(More)
In light of the relationship of lungfish to the origin of tetrapods, information on the respiratory biology of lungfish can give insight into the functional morphological and physiological prerequisites for the conquest of land by the first tetrapods. Stereological methods were employed in order to determine the respiratory surface area and thickness of the(More)
Copper accumulation and induction of metallothionein (MT) were investigated in the liver of juvenile Prochilodus scrofa exposed to copper (96 h-LC50) at pH 4.5 (LC50=98+/-0.8 microg Cu l(-1)) and pH 8.0 (LC50=16+/-0.5 microg Cu l(-1)) at 20 degrees C. No significant difference was found in copper accumulated in the liver at either pH. The ratio between(More)
In some neotropical environments, fishes often experience periods of poor food supply, especially due to extreme fluctuations in rainfall regime. The fish species that experience periods of drought such as the traíra Hoplias malabaricus (Bloch 1794), may stand up to long-term food deprivation. In this study, experiments were performed in order to determine(More)
In order to verify the influence of chronic and acute ambient oxygen levels from egg to adult stage of the zebrafish, in vivo oxygen consumption (MO2), critical tensions of oxygen (Pcrit), heart rate (fH) and total body lactate concentration (Lc) were determined for Danio rerio (Hamilton, 1822) raised at 28 degrees C under normoxic (7.5 mgO2.L-1 or 80(More)
Chloride cell (CC) responses to ion challenge and plasma ion concentration were evaluated in two ecologically distinct erythrinids, Hoplias malabaricus, an exclusively water-breathing species, and Hoplerythrinus unitaeniatus, a facultative air-breathing fish, at one, two, seven, and 15 days of exposure to deionized water and to ion-rich water. H.(More)
The indiscriminate use of herbicides has led to the contamination of water bodies, possibly affecting the health of aquatic biota. Therefore, to evaluate the possible effects of the clomazone-based herbicide (Gamit(®) 500) on the fish Prochilodus lineatus, juveniles were exposed for 96h to three concentrations (1, 5 and 10mgL(-1)) of clomazone, and an(More)