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In this investigation we have shown that severe liver disease with cerebral involvement can be followed by the presence of BB creatine kinase isoenzyme in serum. Groups of rats were injected with a bile acid mixture, oleic acid, albumin and normal saline respectively. Bile acids or/and oleic acid induced BB isoenzyme to leak from central nervous tissue and(More)
BACKGROUND Despite the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) warning regarding cognitive impairment, the relationship between statins and cognition remains unknown. PURPOSE To examine the effect of statins on cognition. DATA SOURCES PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane Library from inception through October 2012; FDA databases from January 1986 through March(More)
Liver oxidative stress, Kupffer cell functioning, and cell injury were studied in control rats and in animals subjected to L-3,3',5-tri-iodothyronine (T3) and/or acute iron overload. Thyroid calorigenesis with increased rates of hepatic O2 uptake was not altered by iron treatment, whereas iron enhanced serum and liver iron levels independently of T3. Liver(More)
Morphological adaptations to climbing (a scansorial mode of quadrupedal, arboreal locomotion practised on twigs and small branches) are identified by relating anatomical details of limb bones to a sample of 6,136 instantaneous observational recordings on the positional behavior and support uses of 20 different free-ranging, adult red howlers. Our findings(More)
The acardiac monster represents one of the most severe but rare congenital anomalies. It occurs only in multiple gestations associated with vascular anastomoses between the affected fetus and its co-twin. The prenatal diagnosis of an acardiac fetus must be suspected in any multiple gestation in which cardiac activity cannot be documented sonographically in(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES Although studies have reported direct inhibition of inflammatory pathways with niacin, the effect of niacin on arterial wall inflammation remains unknown. We examined the effect of niacin on arterial (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG)-positron emission tomography (PET)/computed tomography (CT). MATERIALS AND METHODS Nine(More)