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BACKGROUND There are only a few risk factors known for primary patency loss in patients with an arteriovenous graft or fistula. Furthermore, a limited number of studies have investigated the association between arteriovenous access modality and primary patency loss and mortality. The aim of this study was to investigate risk factors for patency loss and to(More)
AIMS Dialysis patients experience an excess mortality, predominantly of sudden cardiac death (SCD). Accumulating evidence suggests a role of vitamin D for myocardial and overall health. This study investigated the impact of vitamin D status on cardiovascular outcomes and fatal infections in haemodialysis patients. METHODS AND RESULTS 25-hydroxyvitamin D(More)
OBJECTIVES To compare two temporal abstraction procedures for the extraction of meta features from monitoring data. Feature extraction prior to predictive modeling is a common strategy in prediction from temporal data. A fundamental dilemma in this strategy, however, is the extent to which the extraction should be guided by domain knowledge, and to which(More)
Prognostic models are tools to predict the future outcome of disease and disease treatment, one of the fundamental tasks in clinical medicine. This article presents the prognostic Bayesian network (PBN) as a new type of prognostic model that builds on the Bayesian network methodology, and implements a dynamic, process-oriented view on prognosis. A PBN(More)
This paper presents a method to choose the threshold for dichotomization of survival outcomes in a structured fashion based on data analysis. The method is illustrated with an application to the prediction problem of the outcome length of stay at Intensive Care Unit (ICU LOS). Threshold selection is based on comparing the calibration of predictive models(More)
A prognostic Bayesian network (PBN) is new type of prognostic model that implements a dynamic, process-oriented view on prognosis. In a companion article, the rationale of the PBN is described, and a dedicated learning procedure is presented. This article presents an application here of in the domain of cardiac surgery. A PBN is induced from clinical data(More)
INTRODUCTION Ethnic minority patients on dialysis are reported to have better survival rates relative to Caucasians. The reasons for this finding are not fully understood and European studies are scarce. This study examined whether ethnic differences in survival could be explained by patient characteristics, including psychosocial factors. METHODS We(More)
This paper presents an empirical comparison of two temporal abstraction procedures, that were applied to derive predictive features for a prediction problem in intensive care medicine. The first procedure employs knowledge from practitioners to derive qualitative patterns of state changes; the second procedure searches through a large number of data(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the agreement among clinical experts in their judgments of monitoring data with respect to artifacts, and to examine the effect of reference standards that consist of individual and joint expert judgments on the performance of artifact filters. DESIGN Individual judgments of four physicians, a majority vote judgment, and a(More)
BACKGROUND The protein C pathway plays an important role in the maintenance of endothelial barrier function and in the inflammatory and coagulant processes that are characteristic of patients on dialysis. We investigated whether common single nucleotide variants (SNV) in genes encoding protein C pathway components were associated with all-cause 5 years(More)