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AIMS Dialysis patients experience an excess mortality, predominantly of sudden cardiac death (SCD). Accumulating evidence suggests a role of vitamin D for myocardial and overall health. This study investigated the impact of vitamin D status on cardiovascular outcomes and fatal infections in haemodialysis patients. METHODS AND RESULTS 25-hydroxyvitamin D(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES We compared the estimations of Cockcroft-Gault, Modification of Diet in Renal Disease (MDRD), and Chronic Kidney Disease Epidemiology Collaboration (CKD-EPI) equations to a gold standard GFR measurement using (125)I-iothalamate, within strata of GFR, gender, age, body weight, and body mass index (BMI). DESIGN, SETTING,(More)
BACKGROUND The majority of dialysis patients suffer from vitamin D deficiency, which might contribute to an adverse health outcome. We aimed to elucidate whether European dialysis patients with low 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) levels are at increased risk of mortality and specific fatal events. METHODS This was a prospective cohort study of incident(More)
BACKGROUND There are only a few risk factors known for primary patency loss in patients with an arteriovenous graft or fistula. Furthermore, a limited number of studies have investigated the association between arteriovenous access modality and primary patency loss and mortality. The aim of this study was to investigate risk factors for patency loss and to(More)
Apomictic plants often produce pollen that can function in crosses with related sexuals. Moreover, facultative apomicts can produce some sexual offspring. In dandelions, Taraxacum, a sexual-asexual cycle between diploid sexuals and triploid apomicts, has been described, based on experimental crosses and population genetic studies. Little is known about the(More)
BACKGROUND Although an association between venous thrombosis and chronic kidney disease has recently been established, it is unknown which patients with chronic kidney disease are most likely to benefit from thromboprophylaxis. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to assess the association between venous thrombosis and chronic kidney disease in combination(More)
OBJECTIVES To develop a predictive model for the outcome length of stay at the Intensive Care Unit (ICU LOS), including the choice of an optimal dichotomization threshold for this outcome. Reduction of prediction problems of this type of outcome to a two-class problem is a common strategy to identify high-risk patients. METHODS Threshold selection and(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Automated peritoneal dialysis (APD) is increasingly used in comparison with continuous ambulatory peritoneal dialysis (CAPD). Although APD is expected to improve survival, convincing evidence of major advantages is lacking. The objective was to investigate whether overall mortality and technique failure of incident dialysis(More)
Kaplan-Meier analysis is a popular method used for analysing time-to-event data. In case of competing event analyses such as that of cardiovascular and non-cardiovascular mortality, however, the Kaplan-Meier method profoundly overestimates the cumulative mortality probabilities for each of the separate causes of death. This article provides an introduction(More)
The aim of aetiologic studies in epidemiology is to investigate whether factors are causally related to diseases and therefore become a potential target for therapeutic interventions. Mendelian randomization enables estimation of causal relationships in observational studies using genetic variants as instrumental variables. An instrumental variable is a(More)