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Laboratory reports of a multiresistant strain of Salmonella typhimurium definitive type (DT) 104 rose in 1993; this led the Public Health Laboratory Service to investigate cases and identify possible risk factors for infection. Information derived from questionnaires, and details of previous isolations of S. typhimurium DT104 from food and animals, were(More)
RATIONALE FOR THIS STUDY This study has two purposes. The first is to explore an instrument of evaluation of the approaches to study (deep, strategic, and surface) adopted by students in the pre-clinical years of their veterinary degree program. The second is to examine relationships between these approaches and a broad range of further factors deemed(More)
The aim of the present study was to establish the optimum inclusion level of laminarin derived from Laminaria digitata on selected microbial populations, intestinal fermentation, cytokine and mucin gene expression in the porcine ileum and colon. A total of twenty-one pigs (mean body weight 17·9 kg) were randomly assigned to one of three dietary treatments:(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the rate of oophorectomy in, use of hormone replacement therapy by, and health, social and lifestyle factors of, mid-aged Australian women who have undergone hysterectomy. DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS A community-based cross-sectional survey by telephone interview of a random sample of 2001 Australian-born Melbourne women aged between(More)
A potential control strategy for nematode infection in sheep is the implementation of a breeding programme to select for genes associated with resistance. The Texel breed is more resistant to gastrointestinal nematode infection than the Suffolk breed, based on faecal egg count, and this difference should enable the identification of some of the genes(More)
RATIONALE FOR THIS STUDY This article describes and evaluates two molecular biology practical classes based around the theme of genetic susceptibility to scrapie in sheep. These practical classes allow students to experience a range of molecular biology techniques in the context of a clinically based genetic disease. METHODOLOGY The two molecular biology(More)
OBJECTIVES To describe Australian-born women's experience of symptoms during the natural menopause transition and the relative contribution of menopausal and health status, social factors and lifestyle behaviours. DESIGN A community based cross-sectional survey by telephone interview was carried out on a randomly derived sample of Melbourne women. (More)
Genetic variation at intron 1 of the interferon gamma gene has recently been associated with variation in faecal egg count in Romney, Merino and Soay breeds of sheep. The Texel breed is more resistant to gastrointestinal nematode infection than the Suffolk breed, based on faecal egg count. Hence, the objective of this experiment was to characterise the(More)
This study examined the effects of a mutation that inactivates the myostatin gene on calving, growth, carcass and meat quality traits in South Devon cattle. This breed carries at intermediate frequency an 11-bp deletion (MH) in the myostatin gene, known to be associated with the double-muscling phenotype, thus allowing a comparison of three genotype(More)
The genomic content of Enterobacter sakazakii strain ATCC BAA-894 was analyzed for variable-number tandem repeats (VNTRs). In this study we report the development of a multiple-locus VNTR analysis (MLVA) strategy for the subtyping of E. sakazakii. The method is based on a GeneScan analysis of four VNTR loci labeled with multiple fluorescent dyes. This(More)