Marion Stieb

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The synthetic polyether polyethylene glycol (PEG) with a molecular weight of 20,000 was anaerobically degraded in enrichment cultures inoculated with mud of limnic and marine origins. Three strains (Gra PEG 1, Gra PEG 2, and Ko PEG 2) of rod-shaped, gram-negative, nonsporeforming, strictly anaerobic bacteria were isolated in mineral medium with PEG as the(More)
From marine anoxic mud, a new strictly anaerobic, Gram-negative, non-sporeforming bacterium was isolated with 3-hydroxybutyrate as substrate. 3-Hydroxybutyrate and crotonate were fermented to acetate and butyrate. Glycerol was fermented to 1,3-propanediol and 3-hydroxypropionate. Acetate and formate were the only products of pyruvate or citrate(More)
Methanogenic enrichment cultures with isobutyrate as sole source of carbon and energy were inoculated with sediment and sludge samples from freshwater and marine origin. Over more than 20 transfers, these cultures fermented 2 mol isobutyrate with 1 mol CO2 via an intermediate formation of n-butyrate to 4 mol acetate and 1 mol CH4. The primary(More)
Isovalerate-oxidizing strictly aneerobic bacteria were isolated from marine sediment and sewage sludge in coculture with Desulfovibrio sp. Cells stained Gram positive and behaved Gram positive also in Gram classification with KOH. Isovalerate degradation depended on interspecies hydrogen transfer to syntrophic hydrogen-oxidizing sulfate reducers or(More)
A new strictly anaerobic bacterium was isolated from an enrichment culture with glutarate as sole substrate and freshwater sediment as inoculum, however, glutarate was not metabolized by the pure culture. The isolate was a mesophilic, spore-forming, Gram-negative, motile curved rod. It fermented various organic acids, alcohols, fructose, acetoin, and H2/CO2(More)
From marine and freshwater mud samples strictly anaerobic, Gram-positive, sporeforming bacteria were isolated which oxidized fatty acids in obligately syntrophic association with H2-utilizing bacteria. Even-numbered fatty acids with up to 10 carbon atoms were degraded to acetate and H2, odd-numbered fatty acids with up to 11 carbon atoms including(More)
A dialysis culture device was used for growth of syntrophic fatty acid-oxidizing and ethanol-oxidizing anaerobic bacteria. A pure culture of the fatty acid oxidizer Clostridium bryantti was grown inside dialysis tubing which was surrounded by a pure culture of Desulfovibrto vulgarls. The same apparatus was used for the syntrophic cultivation of Pelobacter(More)
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