Marion S. Schmidt-Zachmann

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Using monoclonal antibodies we have localized a polypeptide, appearing on gel electrophoresis with a Mr of approximately 38,000 and a pI of approximately 5.6, to the granular component of the nucleoli of Xenopus laevis oocytes and a broad range of cells from various species. The protein (NO38) also occurs in certain distinct nucleoplasmic particles but is(More)
A monoclonal murine antibody (No-114) is described which reacts specifically with a polypeptide of molecular weight (Mr) 180 000 present in low-speed nuclear pellets from oocytes and somatic cells of Xenopus laevis and X. borealis and in isolated amplified nucleoli. Two-dimensional gel electrophoresis has revealed the acidic nature of this polypeptide(More)
We report the identification, cDNA cloning, and molecular characterization of a novel, constitutive nucleolar protein. The cDNA-deduced amino acid sequence of the human protein defines a polypeptide of a calculated mass of 61.5 kDa and an isoelectric point of 9.9. Inspection of the primary sequence disclosed that the protein is a member of the family of(More)
Xenopus NO38 is an abundant nucleolar chaperone and a member of the nucleoplasmin (Np) family. Here, we report high-resolution crystal structures of the N-terminal domain of NO38, as a pentamer and a decamer. As expected, NO38 shares the Np family fold. In addition, NO38- and Np-core pentamers each use highly conserved residues and numerous waters to form(More)
Nucleolin, a major nucleolar phosphoprotein, is presumed to function in rDNA transcription, rRNA packaging and ribosome assembly. Its primary sequence was highly conserved during evolution and suggests a multi-domain structure. To identify structural elements required for nuclear uptake and nucleolar accumulation of nucleolin, we used site-directed(More)
We report the discovery and molecular characterization of a small and very acidic nucleolar protein of an SDS/PAGE mobility corresponding to Mr 29,000 (NO29). The cDNA-deduced sequence of the Xenopus laevis protein defines a polypeptide of a calculated molecular mass of 20,121 and a pI of 3.75, with an extended acidic region near its C terminus, and is(More)
To identify the element(s) in nucleolar proteins which determine nucleolus-specific topogenesis, we have used different kinds of cDNA constructs encoding various chimeric combinations of mutants of the constitutive nucleolar protein NO38 (B23): 1) with an amino terminally placed short "myc tag"; 2) with two different carboxyl terminally attached large(More)
Using a specific monoclonal antibody (mAb AND-1/23-5-14) we have identified, cDNA-cloned and characterized a novel DNA-binding protein of the clawed toad, Xenopus laevis, that is accumulated in the nucleoplasm of oocytes and various other cells. This protein comprises 1,127 amino acids, with a total molecular mass of 125 kDa and a pI of 5.27. It is encoded(More)
The nucleolus is a ubiquitous, mostly spheroidal nuclear structure of all protein-synthesizing cells, with a well-defined functional compartmentalization. Although a number of nonribosomal proteins involved in ribosome formation have been identified, the elements responsible for the shape and internal architecture of nucleoli are still largely unknown.(More)
Proteins that shuttle between nucleus and cytoplasm are implicated in transport and signal transduction processes. Using assays based on interspecies heterokaryons and microinjection of Xenopus oocytes, we examined what structural features determine nuclear export of shuttling proteins. Three classes of proteins were studied: first, wild-type and mutant(More)