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Human Merkel cells were first described by Friedrich S. Merkel in 1875 and named "Tastzellen" (touch cells) assuming a sensory touch function within the skin. Only ultrastructural research revealed their characteristics such as dense-core granules, plasma membrane spines and dendrites as well as a loosely arranged cytoskeleton. Biochemical analysis(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the morphologic properties of advanced lymphatic malformations of the head and neck and to investigate possible therapeutic interventions by intralesional endoscopy. DESIGN This case study analyzes the outcome of intralesional endoscopy of lymphatic malformations of the head and neck and discusses the results of this approach. (More)
PURPOSE Little is known about the potential for the cuff of the ProSeal laryngeal mask airway (PLMA) to cause laryngopharyngeal mucosal injury. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of prolonged exposure of the laryngopharyngeal mucosa to the PLMA in an animal model. METHODS The PLMA was used for positive pressure ventilation in eight(More)
CONCLUSION The low incidence of metastases in levels I and IIB in patients with hypopharyngeal cancer in cases of clinical N0 and N+ neck and the fact that all patients with metastases in levels I and IIB received postoperative radiotherapy justifies the preservation of levels I and IIB in patients with hypopharyngeal cancer to improve functional results(More)
PEO/PBT 70/30 (POLYACTIVE(R) 70/30), a degradable porous copolymer with elastic properties, was found to be osteoconductive in many animal studies. The aim of this study was to determine the osteoconductive effect in a human paired control iliac defect model. In seven patients undergoing anterior spinal interbody fusion surgery, two bicortical iliac defects(More)
UNLABELLED It is well known that port-wine stains of the upper part of the face may herald abnormalities of the brain or eye in the form of Sturge-Weber syndrome. This study focuses on other extracutaneous anomalies in patients with nevi flammei of the head and neck, giving rise to functional complications. PATIENTS AND METHODS A retrospective study was(More)
The differential diagnosis of vascular malformations of the upper aero-digestive tract may represent a diagnostic challenge and become a hindrance for therapy planning. The terminus "extracranial vascular anomalies" of the Head and Neck integrates hemangiomas and vascular malformations. The differential diagnosis contains benign and malign neoplasms, naevi,(More)
UNLABELLED The present feasibility study evaluated the chorioallantoic membrane (CAM) assay established in cancer and angiogenesis research as a tool for the study of vascular anomalies (VAs) in the head and neck area, since the lack of appropriate model systems poses a major obstacle in VA research. MATERIALS AND METHODS VA tissues from three patients,(More)