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DNA sequence variations within the 22q11 DiGeorge chromosomal region are likely to confer susceptibility to psychotic disorders. In a previous report, we identified several heterozygous alterations, including a complete deletion, of the proline dehydrogenase (PRODH) gene, which were associated with moderate hyperprolinemia in a subset of DSM III(More)
Abnormality in the P50 auditory-evoked potential gating is an endophenotype associated with schizophrenia. Biochemical and genetic studies have suggested that the alpha 7 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) is involved in this sensory gating deficit. Two related alpha 7 genes (CHRNA7 and CHRNA7-like gene) resulting from a partial duplication (from exon(More)
We have analyzed eye movement performances in schizophrenics showing primary negative or deficit symptoms (n=16) and non-deficit schizophrenics (n=55), and compared them with those of controls (n=34) in order to study the relationships between negative symptoms and eye movement abnormalities. Patients were subtyped into deficit and non-deficit subgroups(More)
Catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) catalyzes the degradation of catecholamines and could therefore play a role in the etiology of schizophrenia. Moreover, microdeletions including the COMT locus have been found in schizophrenics presenting typical features of the velo-cardio-facial syndrome. In the present work, five single-strand conformation(More)
CASE REPORT We report the case of a 50-year-old man, treated with chlorpromazine for schizophrenia, who developed an agranulocytosis. Three mechanisms of drugs-induced agranulocytosis have been reported: toxic, genetic and immune. Phenothiazines are responsible for drug-induced agranulocytosis. This patient had been treated with first and second generation(More)
The existence of two subtypes of schizophrenia (positive and negative) is well established. The evidence in favor of other subtypes, particularly a disorganized subtype, is still the subject of some debate. The aim of the study reported in this article is to investigate the possibility of further subtypes of schizophrenia by applying a particular method of(More)
Catechol-O-methyltransferase is a candidate in the predisposition to schizophrenia both because of its function and the position of its gene. A multipoint non-parametric linkage analysis and a transmission disequilibrium test were performed on 42 multiplex families genotyped for Pml I and Bcl I polymorphisms using two definitions of the affected phenotype.(More)
As suggested by several studies, abnormal sensory gating measured by the P50 paradigm could be an endophenotype predisposing to schizophrenia. In a previous work, we have shown a significant association between the presence of at least one -2 bp deletion located within exon 6 of the CHRNA7-like gene and the P50 abnormality in the general population. A(More)
We examined whether there are clinical or biological differences in chronic schizophrenic patients sharing a rare variant allele (a perfect ten tetranucleotide repeats allele of the human TH01 microsatellite) in the tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) gene. For that purpose, clinical parameters (PANSS subscores) and plasma measurements (homovanillic acid and(More)