Marion O'Farrell

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One of the immediate reactions of the mammalian cell to many environmental stresses is a massive synthesis of poly(ADP-ribose), catalyzed by poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP). Most of the biological functions attributed to PARP are inferred from experimentation with mammalian cells. In plants, the biology of PARP may be more complicated and diverse than(More)
This paper examines the use of Mel-frequency Cepstral Coefficients in the classification of musical instruments. 2004 piano, violin and flute samples are analysed to get their coefficients. These coefficients are reduced using principal component analysis and used to train a multi-layered perceptron. The network is trained on the first 3, 4 and 5 principal(More)
1. The isolated nuclei of the slime mould Physarum polycephalum contain an enzyme that will incorporated [adenine-3H] NAD+ into an acid-insoluble product, which is shown to be poly(ADP-ribose). 2. This incorporation has an optimum pH of 8.2 and a temperature optimum below 10degreesC. 3. Optimum stimulation is given by 15 mM-Mg2+. 4. 2-Mercaptoethanol or(More)
Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) is a multifunctional nuclear zinc finger protein which participates in the immediate response of mammalian cells exposed to DNA damaging agents. Given the complexity of the poly(ADP-ribosylation) reaction, we developed a large-scale screening procedure in Escherichia coli to identify randomly amino acids involved in the(More)
We show that poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase is present in maize, pea and wheat nuclei. We have identified the enzyme product as poly(ADP-ribose) by purification and electrophoresis on a DNA sequencing gel. This reveals a polymer ladder consisting of up to 45 residues. The polymer product from maize, after digestion with snake venom phosphodiesterase, gave only(More)
It is now accepted that local changes to the balance of Th1/Th2-type cytokines occur during pregnancy within the maternal uterus and fetoplacental unit. These changes in cytokine profiles contribute to implantation of the embryo, development of the placenta, and survival of the fetus to term. Overall within the placenta there is a bias in the ratio of(More)
Poly ADP-ribosylation is a post-translational modification of protein structure and function that occurs in the nucleus of most eukaryotic cells. Although its function has not been fully elucidated it is thought to have a role in the processing DNA strand breaks. Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase, a highly conserved enzyme, is well studied in animal cell systems(More)
An NIR imaging scanner was calibrated for on-line determination of the fat content of beef trimmings. A good calibration model was obtained for fat in intact beef (R=0.98, RMSECV=3.0%). The developed model could be used on single pixels to get an image of the fat distribution, or on the average spectrum from each trimming/portion of trimmings passing under(More)
In order to examine the structure-function relationship of the poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) catalytic domain, potential active-site residues in the catalytic domain have previously been described. Here, we have used mutagenesis with hydroxylamine to generate a random library of PARP mutants. The identification, overproduction in insect cells,(More)