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Homozygous deletions of human chromosomal region 9p21 occur frequently in malignant melanoma and are associated with the loss of the tumor suppressor genes p16(INK4a) and p15(INK4b). In the same chromosomal region the methylthioadenosine phosphorylase (MTAP) gene is localized and therefore may also serve as a tumor suppressor gene. The aim of this study was(More)
Mutations in the Raf signaling pathway are known to play a pivotal role in the progression of malignant melanoma. In this study, we provide evidence that the Raf-1 kinase inhibitory protein (RKIP) and its effects on Raf-1-mediated activation of mitogen-activated protein/extracellular signal-regulated kinase kinase are important for the metastatic potential(More)
The Ras/Raf/MEK/ERK signalling cascade is frequently deregulated in tumourigenic diseases and known to be involved in proliferation and transformation of cells. Also in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) increased ERK levels are observed and known to correlate with tumour progression, but the underlying molecular mechanism are unknown. We analyzed expression of(More)
AIM To analyse the Chibby expression and its function in colon carcinoma cell lines and colorectal carcinoma (CRC). METHODS Chibby expression levels were investigated by quantitative RT-PCR in a panel of seven different colon carcinoma cell lines. By sequencing, we analysed mutational status of Chibby. To test whether Chibby exhibited effects on(More)
Methylthioadenosine phosphorylase (MTAP) is known as a ubiquitously expressed house keeping gene important in biochemical salvage processes. The MTAP gene is localized on the human chromosomal region 9p21, a region often deleted in cancer. Recently, several groups including our own have shown that MTAP serves as a tumour suppressor gene. The aim of this(More)
The methylthioadenosine phosphorylase (MTAP) gene is localized in the chromosomal region 9p21. Here, frequently homozygous deletions occur in several kinds of cancer associated with the loss of tumour suppressor genes as p16 and p15. The aim of this study was to analyse MTAP expression in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and to get an insight into the(More)
Differential gene expression analysis of human blood monocytes has identified the Raf kinase inhibitor protein (RKIP) as a continuously upregulated gene in macrophage and dendritic cell maturation. Using realtime RT-PCR and Western blot analysis we were able to confirm the initial DNA-microarray findings of RKIP induction on mRNA and protein levels. RKIP(More)
BACKGROUND Sporadic and sometimes contradictory studies have indicated changes in satellite cell behaviour associated with the progressive nature of human Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). Satellite cell proliferation and number are reportedly altered in DMD and the mdx mouse model. We recently found that satellite cells in MSVski transgenic mice, a muscle(More)
Pleural effusions may result from various inflammatory, hemodynamic, or neoplastic conditions. A common diagnostic problem lies in distinguishing malignant from benign pleural effusions using routine cytological evaluation. We studied pleural fluid samples obtained from 14 patients with histologically confirmed malignancy and from 6 patients with benign(More)
ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters are involved in a variety of physiologic processes such as xenobiotic defense, lipid metabolism, ion homeostasis and immune functions. A large number of ABC proteins have been causatively linked to rare and common human genetic diseases including familial high-density lipoprotein deficiency, retinopathies, cystic(More)
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