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Deregulation of intestinal immune responses seems to have a principal function in the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease. The gut epithelium is critically involved in the maintenance of intestinal immune homeostasis-acting as a physical barrier separating luminal bacteria and immune cells, and also expressing antimicrobial peptides. However, the(More)
Stem cell function is central for the maintenance of normal tissue homeostasis. Here we show that deletion of p38alpha mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase in adult mice results in increased proliferation and defective differentiation of lung stem and progenitor cells both in vivo and in vitro. We found that p38alpha positively regulates factors such as(More)
The kinase IKK1 (also known as IKKalpha) was previously reported to regulate epidermal development and skeletal morphogenesis by acting in keratinocytes to induce their differentiation in an NF-kappaB independent manner. Here, we show that mice with epidermal keratinocyte-specific IKK1 ablation (hereafter referred to as IKK1(EKO)) develop a normally(More)
Activation of transcription factor NF-kappaB in the central nervous system (CNS) has been linked to autoimmune demyelinating disease; however, it remains unclear whether its function is protective or pathogenic. Here we show that CNS-restricted ablation of 'upstream' NF-kappaB activators NEMO or IKK2 but not IKK1 ameliorated disease pathology in a mouse(More)
RATIONALE The Notch signaling pathway is important for cell-cell communication that controls tissue formation and homeostasis during embryonic and adult life, but the precise cell targets of Notch signaling in the mammalian heart remain poorly defined. OBJECTIVE To investigate the functional role of Notch signaling in the cardiomyocyte compartment of the(More)
NF-kappaB essential modulator (NEMO), the regulatory subunit of the IkappaB kinase, is essential for NF-kappaB activation. Mutations disrupting the X-linked NEMO gene cause incontinentia pigmenti (IP), a human genetic disease characterized by male embryonic lethality and by a complex pathology affecting primarily the skin in heterozygous females. The(More)
The Nuclear Factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) family of transcription factors are ubiquitously expressed and control a wide range of cellular responses, including apoptosis, proliferation, differentiation, inflammation and immunity. Here, we investigated the function of the NF-kappaB upstream regulator IkappaB kinase 2/beta (IKK2) in apoptosis regulation in the(More)
The inhibitor of NF-kappaB (IkappaB) kinases (IKK1[alpha] and IKK2[beta]), the catalytic subunits of the IKK complex, phosphorylate IkappaB proteins on serine residues, targeting them for degradation and thus activating the transcription factor NF-kappaB. More recently, IKK2 has been implicated in mediation of insulin resistance caused by obesity, lipid(More)
RATIONALE Insight into the function of nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB in the adult heart has been hampered by the embryonic lethality of constitutive NF-kappaB inactivation. OBJECTIVE The goal of the present study was therefore to gain insights into the role of NF-kappaB pathway specifically in mouse cardiomyocytes by conditional deletion of the NF-kappaB(More)
Fractionation of intact chromosomes of the ascomycete Podospora anserina by contour-clamped homogenous electric field (CHEF) gel electrophoresis resulted in the resolution of five distinct chromosomal bands. Two of these bands migrated as doublets. Using chromosomal standards from Schizosaccharomyces pombe we estimated the size of the P. anserina genome to(More)