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Blood of both humans and mice contains 2 main monocyte subsets. Here, we investigated the extent of their similarity using a microarray approach. Approximately 270 genes in humans and 550 genes in mice were differentially expressed between subsets by 2-fold or more. More than 130 of these gene expression differences were conserved between mouse and human(More)
The subset of human blood monocytes expressing low levels of CD14 and high levels of CD16 (CD14+CD16+) exhibits features resembling mature tissue macrophages and can be expanded in inflammatory conditions. We analyzed expression of CC chemokine receptors (CCR) in CD14+CD16+ versus CD14++ monocytes, which may be crucial for specific trafficking. Multicolor(More)
The subpopulation of strongly CD14-positive (CD14++) monocytes and monocytes coexpressing the CD16 antigen and low levels of CD14 (CD14+/CD16+ cells) were isolated by fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS) followed by stimulation with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) at 1 micrograms/mL. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) after reverse transcription of isolated(More)
In human blood two monocyte populations can be distinguished, i.e., the CD14(++)CD16(-)DR(+) classical monocytes and the CD14(+)CD16(+)DR(++) proinflammatory monocytes that account for only 10% of all monocytes. We have studied TNF production in these two types of cells using three-color immunofluorescence and flow cytometry on whole peripheral blood(More)
BACKGROUND While dendritic cells (DCs) can induce tolerance in T cells, little is known about tolerance induction in DCs themselves. We have analysed tolerance induced in human in-vitro generated DCs by repeated stimulation with ligands for TLR4 and TLR2. RESULTS DCs stimulated with the TLR4 ligand LPS did show a rapid and pronounced expression of TNF(More)
Endotoxin (Lipopolysaccharide, LPS) is a potent inducer of inflammation and there is various LPS contamination in the environment, being a trigger of lung diseases and exacerbation. The objective of this study was to assess the time course of inflammation and the sensitivities of the airways and alveoli to targeted LPS inhalation in order to understand the(More)
Macrophages in the airways form an important element of immune defense and inflammation. We analyzed induced sputum from airways of patients with CF for the types of macrophages present, their receptor expression, and phagocytic function. In samples from patients and age-matched controls, macrophages were analyzed by multicolor flow cytometry, scavenger(More)
BACKGROUND Cytochrome P450 monoxygenases play an important role in the defence against inhaled toxic compounds and in metabolizing a wide range of xenobiotics and environmental contaminants. In ambient aerosol the ultrafine particle fraction which penetrates deeply into the lungs is considered to be a major factor for adverse health effects. The cells(More)
The EvA study is a European Union-funded project under the Seventh Framework Programme (FP7), which aims at defining new markers for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and its subtypes. The acronym is derived from emphysema versus airway disease, indicating that the project targets these two main phenotypes of the disease. The EvA study is based(More)
We studied HLA class II molecules on blood monocyte subsets, blood dendritic cells, sputum macrophages, and monocyte-derived macrophages at the protein (flow cytometry) and mRNA level (RT-PCR) in adult patients with cystic fibrosis (CF) and healthy control subjects as putative contributors to the CF phenotype. In healthy donors, we found a high average(More)