Marion Frankenberger

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In human blood two monocyte populations can be distinguished, i.e., the CD14(++)CD16(-)DR(+) classical monocytes and the CD14(+)CD16(+)DR(++) proinflammatory monocytes that account for only 10% of all monocytes. We have studied TNF production in these two types of cells using three-color immunofluorescence and flow cytometry on whole peripheral blood(More)
Blood of both humans and mice contains 2 main monocyte subsets. Here, we investigated the extent of their similarity using a microarray approach. Approximately 270 genes in humans and 550 genes in mice were differentially expressed between subsets by 2-fold or more. More than 130 of these gene expression differences were conserved between mouse and human(More)
The subset of human blood monocytes expressing low levels of CD14 and high levels of CD16 (CD14+CD16+) exhibits features resembling mature tissue macrophages and can be expanded in inflammatory conditions. We analyzed expression of CC chemokine receptors (CCR) in CD14+CD16+ versus CD14++ monocytes, which may be crucial for specific trafficking. Multicolor(More)
The subpopulation of strongly CD14-positive (CD14++) monocytes and monocytes coexpressing the CD16 antigen and low levels of CD14 (CD14+/CD16+ cells) were isolated by fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS) followed by stimulation with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) at 1 micrograms/mL. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) after reverse transcription of isolated(More)
Stimulation of the human monocytic cell line Mono Mac 6 with the synthetic lipopeptide (S)-(2,3-bis(palmitoyloxy)-(2RS)-propyl)-N-palmitoyl-(R)-Cys-(S)-Ser(S)-Lys(4)-OH, trihydrochloride (Pam(3)Cys) at 10 microg/ml induces a rapid expression of the TNF gene in a TLR2-dependent fashion. Preculture of the cells with Pam(3)Cys at 1 microg/ml leads to a reduced(More)
CD16-positive (CD14(++) CD16(+) and CD14(+) CD16(++) ) monocytes have unique features with respect to phenotype and function. We have used transcriptional profiling for comparison of CD16-positive monocytes and classical monocytes. We show herein that 187 genes are greater than fivefold differentially expressed, including 90 genes relevant to immune(More)
The inflammatory process in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is active mainly in the airways, but little is known about the properties of the inflammatory cells in this compartment. We have studied leucocytes in induced sputum of COPD patients compared to controls in order to uncover what types of macrophages might be involved in the disease.(More)
Healthy donors infused with high doses of glucocorticoids [GCs; methyl-prednisolone (MP); 500 mg/day for 3 days] suffer a selective depletion of the CD14(+)CD16(+) monocytes such that these cells are reduced by 95% on day 5. In vitro studies revealed that at 11 h of culture in the presence of 10(-)(5) M MP, no depletion was observed as yet, but a reduction(More)
BACKGROUND The balance between proteinases and antiproteinases plays an important role in tissue destruction and remodelling. In chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and emphysema, an imbalance between matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and inhibitors of tissue metalloproteinase (TIMPs) has been reported. Alveolar macrophages are considered to be the(More)
Previous studies have implicated antimicrobial peptides in the host defense of the mammalian intestinal and respiratory tract. The aim of the present study has been to characterize further the expression of these molecules in non-epithelial cells of the human pulmonary and digestive systems by detailed immunohistochemical analysis of the small and large(More)