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An increase in the dose of the Su(var)3-7 locus of Drosophila melanogaster enhances the genomic silencing of position-effect variegation caused by centromeric heterochromatin. Here we show that the product of Su(var)3-7 is a nuclear protein which associates with pericentromeric heterochromatin at interphase, whether on diploid chromosomes from embryonic(More)
Loss of Su(var)3-7 or HP1 suppresses the genomic silencing of position-effect variegation, whereas over-expression enhances it. In addition, loss of Su(var)3-7 results in preferential male lethality. In polytene chromosomes deprived of Su(var)3-7, we observe a specific bloating of the male X chromosome, leading to shortening of the chromosome and to(More)
We have constructed a new reporter transgene, Winkelried, equipped with a synthetic binding site for the yeast GAL4 transcriptional activator. The binding site is inserted between the white and lacZ reporter genes, and is flanked by FRT sequences. These elements allow excision of the GAL4 binding site by crossing the transgenic line with an FLP recombinase(More)
An increase in the dose of the heterochromatin-associated Su(var)3-7 protein of Drosophila augments the genomic silencing of position-effect variegation. We have expressed a number of fragments of the protein in flies to assign functions to the different domains. Specific binding to pericentric heterochromatin depends on the C-terminal half of the protein.(More)
The Su(var)3-7 gene, a haplo-suppressor and triplo-enhancer of position-effect variegation (PEV), encodes a zinc finger heterochromatin-associated protein. To understand the role of this protein in heterochromatin and genomic silencing, mutations were generated by homologous recombination. The donor fragment contained a yellow(+) gene and 7.6 kb of the(More)
Position-effect variegation results from mosaic silencing by chromosomal rearrangements juxtaposing euchromatin genes next to pericentric heterochromatin. An increase in the amounts of the heterochromatin-associated Su(var)3-7 and HP1 proteins augments silencing. Using the yeast two-hybrid protein interaction trap system, we have isolated HP1 using(More)
A transgene inserted in euchromatin exhibits mosaic expression when targeted by a fusion protein made of the DNA-binding domain of GAL4 and the heterochromatin-associated protein HP1. The silencing responds to the loss of a dose of the dominant modifiers of position-effect variegation Su(var)3-7 and Su(var)2-5, the locus encoding HP1. The genomic environs(More)
In Drosophila, dosage compensation augments X chromosome-linked transcription in males relative to females. This process is achieved by the Dosage Compensation Complex (DCC), which associates specifically with the male X chromosome. We previously found that the morphology of this chromosome is sensitive to the amounts of the heterochromatin-associated(More)
In a search for homologues of the dominant modifier of position-effect variegation Su(var)3-7, we have identified one ORF in Drosophila melanogaster. The 359 amino acid deduced protein is much shorter than the 1169 amino acid protein Su(var)3-7. Surprisingly, the two genes are very close to each other at 87E on the polytene chromosome map, and are(More)