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The complex structure of human skin and its physicochemical properties turn it into an efficient outermost defence line against exogenous factors, and help maintain homeostasis of the human body. This role is played by the epidermal barrier with its major part - stratum corneum. The condition of the epidermal barrier depends on individual and environmental(More)
Cardiovascular disease is currently the leading cause of death in the West, and a search for factors limiting its occurrence is ongoing. Accumulated data indicate that quercetin, the major flavonol in the plant kingdom, may possess beneficial effects in atherosclerosis. The present study aimed at determination of effects of quercetin on hyperlipidemia and(More)
The aim of this paper is to examine if pre- and neonatal exposure to lead (Pb) may intensify or inhibit apoptosis or necroptosis in the developing rat brain. Pregnant experimental females received 0.1% lead acetate (PbAc) in drinking water from the first day of gestation until weaning of the offspring; the control group received distilled water. During the(More)
Chronic exposure of humans to fluorine compounds in the air, water and food may be atherogenic via the activation of oxidative stress and increased ROS production. The most important factor that promotes the formation of ROS seems to be the oxidoreduction of electron carriers in the critical points of the respiratory chain, which depends, among other(More)
The hypothesis has been recently presented that lead may exert its negative effect at least partially through the increase of reactive oxygen species (ROS) level in tissues. However, little is known about the influence of lead intoxication on equilibrium between generation and elimination of ROS in the male reproductive system. Sexually mature male Wistar(More)
The success rates of assisted reproduction techniques are still unsatisfactory. Relatively few in vitro cultured embryos reach the blastocyst stage. The purpose of the study was to evaluate the protective potential of epidermal growth factor (EGF), insulin-like growth factors 1 and 2 (IGF-I, IGF-II) and stem cell factor (SCF) on in vitro development of(More)
We studied the immunoexpression of Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase (Cu/ZnSOD) and mRNAs expression of extracellular superoxide dismutase (E-SOD), and epididymal specific glutathione peroxidase 5 (GPX5), in epithelial cells of caput and cauda epididymis of rats treated with finasteride, a steroid-based inhibitor of 5alpha-reductase. The 5alpha-reductase is known(More)
Many reports show that red blood cells of people exposed to lead have a decreased ATP concentration, decreased adenylate energy charge value and many metabolic and morphological abnormalities. Since the synthesis of nucleotides in erythrocytes occurs only through salvage pathways, we hypothesized that a decrease in nucleotide concentrations may be caused by(More)
Adult male Wistar rats were intoxicated with 1% lead acetate (PbAc) administered in drinking water for nine months, which amounts to a period five times longer than the duration of one spermatogenesis. There were mitochondrial ultrastructure disorders of epididymal epithelial cells observed in PbAc-treated rats; also a significant lead-induced decrease in(More)
The aim of this study was to assess the influence of soy isoflavones, administered pre- and later postnatally, on the estrogen receptor α (ERα) and β (ERβ) expression in bones and to examine the mineral metabolism of the skeletal system in male rats. In bones, ERs were examined with an immunohistochemical method; in blood, estradiol with chemiluminescence(More)