Mariola Andrejko

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In numerous studies, the greater wax moth Galleria mellonella has been exploited as an alternative model host for investigating virulence factors of different pathogenic bacteria. In the present paper, we provide evidence that G. mellonella constitutes a useful and convenient model for analysis of the pathogenicity of Pseudomonas aeruginosa clinical(More)
The antibacterial activity of hemolymph from Galleria mellonella infected with entomopathogenic strain of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and non-pathogenic bacterium Escherichia coli was studied. In vivo, the antimicrobial activity appeared shortly after P. aeruginosa infection, reached the maximum level 18 h postinjection, while 30 h later only trace activity was(More)
The influence of infection with an entomopathogenic strain of Pseudomonas aeruginosa on Galleria mellonella hemocytes was investigated. Extensive bacteriaemia developed 18 h after infection. This was correlated with significant changes in morphology, viability and the spreading ability of immunocompetent hemocytes, namely granulocytes and plasmatocytes.(More)
Abstract Susceptibility of proteins and peptides present in immune hemolymph of Galleria mellonella Fabricius (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) larvae to proteolytic degradation by purified elastase B of Pseudomonas aeruginosa was studied. Results showed that apoLp-III protein was gradually digested by elastase B in vitro. Additionally, polipeptides with molecular(More)
Our results demonstrated that Pseudomonas aeruginosa serine protease IV degraded apolipophorin III from the haemolymph of Galleria mellonella larvae. ApoLp-III protein was degraded in a stepwise manner. Four intermediate forms of 15, 13.3, 11.9 and 9.5 kDa were detected after 30 min digestion while only one of 5.6 kDa was released after 1-h incubation time.(More)
The role of Pseudomonas aeruginosa elastase B in activation of the humoral immune response in Galleria mellonella larvae was investigated. The results of our study showed that elastase B injected at a sublethal concentration was responsible for eliciting the humoral immune response in G. mellonella larvae. The insects exhibited increased antibacterial(More)
We investigated the effects of extracellular proteinases of two Pseudomonas aeruginosa clinical isolates on the essential humoral immune response parameters in hemolymph of the insect model organism Galleria mellonella in vitro. Two culture media, rich LB and minimal M9, known to induce synthesis of different sets of proteinases secreted by P. aeruginosa(More)
The level of apoLp-III in fat body, hemocytes and plasma from Galleria mellonella larvae infected with Pseudomonas aeruginosa was studied. It was found that the amount of 18kDa protein present in fat body and hemocytes decreased progressively with time after infection. In the case of plasma, an increase in apoLp-III content was observed during the first 19h(More)
The proteolytic activity of three Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains, ATCC 27853 - a reference strain, and two clinical isolates was tested. The activity was examined after culturing the bacteria in two different growth media: the minimal M9 medium and rich Luria-Bertani broth (LB). Based on zymograms and protease activity specific assays, it was concluded that(More)
The level of lysozyme in fat body, hemocytes and cell-free hemolymph from Galleria mellonella larvae infected with Pseudomonas aeruginosa was determined and evaluated. In the samples of fat body and hemocytes, an increase in lysozyme content was detected 1 d after infection and then a significant decrease was observed after a prolonged infection time. In(More)