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Mutations in the MYOC gene may lead to juvenile open-angle glaucoma with high intraocular pressure, and are detected in about 4% of people with adult onset glaucoma. Most of these mutations are found in the third exon of the gene encoding the olfactomedin-like domain located at the C terminus of the protein. Another olfactomedin-related protein, known as(More)
Despite the importance of MYOC for glaucoma, the protein's normal function(s) and the pathogenic mechanism(s) of MYOC mutations are not clear. Elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) and glaucoma are sometimes induced by corticosteroids, and corticosteroid use can result in substantially increased MYOC expression. It has been suggested, therefore, that(More)
PURPOSE To characterize properties of Pdlim2, a novel PDZ and LIM domain-containing protein. METHODS cDNA encoding Pdlim2 was identified in a cDNA library of transcripts expressed in the tissues of the rat eye irido-corneal angle. The expression pattern of the Pdlim2 gene was studied by Northern blot analysis and in situ hybridization. Proteins(More)
The implication of myocardin and homeodomain only protein (HOP) in combinatorial molecular pathways that guide heart development and cardio-specific gene expression has recently been reported. However, expression of these genes in the failing heart has not yet been investigated. This study was designed to elaborate a molecular profile of myocardin and HOP(More)
Data on expression patterns of carboxylesterases in the male reproductive tract of different animal groups (i.e. bivalve mollusks, fruitflies and rodents) are summarized to highlight some particularly interesting questions in the context of sperm differentiation, maturation and function. The male reproductive system, in spite of extreme variation in the(More)
It has been proposed that the ankyrin repeat domain 1 (ANKRD1) factor (also known as CARP) plays a critical role in transcriptional regulation, myofibrillar assembly and stretch sensing during heart development and cardiac insults. ANKRD1/CARP has also been reported to negatively regulate cardiac gene expression in cell-based promoter-reporter assays.(More)
We have developed a set of simple modifications of the green fluorescent protein (GFP)fragment reassembly assay in bacteria that permits: (i)fluorescent microscopy visualization of GFP reassembly only 1-2 h after induction of protein expression, thus approximating the detection of GFP reassembly to the real-time dynamics of protein complex formation in(More)
In a few well-known cases, the biological consequences of the disruption of lim-1 homeodomain (HD) genes have demonstrated the important roles of these genes in vertebrate development, especially in the nervous tissue, kidney, and gonads. Functional assay approaches require information not only about lim-1 gene organization, but also about properties and(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIM Cardiac ankyrin repeat protein (CARP), whose expression is down-regulated in response to doxorubicin (Dox) in vitro, has been proposed to be a marker of experimentally-induced cardiac hypertrophy in rodent models. In piglets, the rapid hypertrophy rate of the left ventricle (LV) as compared to that of the right ventricle (RV) represents a(More)
BACKGROUND Myocardin (MYOCD), a potent transcriptional coactivator of smooth muscle (SM) and cardiac genes, is upregulated in failing myocardium in animal models and human end-stage heart failure (HF). However, the molecular and functional consequences of myocd upregulation in HF are still unclear. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS The goal of the present(More)