Mario Suwalsky

Learn More
The structural effects of Hg(II) ions on the erythrocyte membrane were studied through the interactions of HgCl2 with human erythrocytes and their isolated resealed membranes. Studies were carried out by scanning electron microscopy and fluorescence spectroscopy, respectively. Hg(II) induced shape changes in erythrocytes, which took the form of echinocytes(More)
2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D), a widely used herbicide, is a component of the "agent orange' whose toxicity has been extensively studied without definite conclusions. In order to evaluate its perturbing effect upon cell membranes, 2,4-D was made to interact with human erythrocytes and molecular models. These studies were performed by scanning(More)
The structural effects of cadmium on cell membranes were studied through the interaction of Cd(2+) ions with human erythrocytes and their isolated unsealed membranes (IUM). Studies were carried out by scanning electron microscopy and fluorescence spectroscopy, respectively. Cd(2+) induced shape changes in erythrocytes, which took the form of echinocytes.(More)
The effects of Fe(3+) and Fe(2+) on molecular models of biomembranes were investigated. These consisted of bilayers of dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine (DMPC) and of dimyristoylphosphatidylethanolamine (DMPE), classes of phospholipids located in the outer and inner moieties of cell membranes, respectively. X-ray studies showed that very low concentrations of(More)
We present a real-time method to measure the amplitude of thermal fluctuations in biological membranes by means of a new treatment of the defocusing microscopy (DM) optical technique. This approach was also applied to study the deformation of human erythrocytes to its echinocyte structure. This was carried out by making three-dimensional shape(More)
Chromium exists in many oxidation states, of which only the hexavalent Cr(VI) and the trivalent Cr(III) ions are stable under environmental conditions. It is generally reported that Cr(VI) is highly toxic while Cr(III) is relatively innocuous, although others have reported just the opposite. On the other hand, despite the many studies on chromium toxicity,(More)
Ugni molinae Turcz, also known as "Murtilla", is a plant that grows in the south of Chile. Infusions of its leaves have long been used in traditional native herbal medicine. The chemical composition of the leaves indicates the presence of polyphenols, which have antioxidant properties. In the present work, the antioxidant properties of U. molinae were(More)
Lead has no biological function; however, low, and particularly, high levels of exposure have a number of negative consequences for human health. Despite the number of reports about lead toxicity, very little information has been obtained regarding its effects on cell membranes. For this reason, the structural effects of lead on the human erythrocyte(More)
The interaction of structurally different carotenoids with a membrane molecular model was examined by X-ray diffraction. The selected compounds were beta-carotene, lycopene, lutein, violaxanthin, zeaxanthin, and additionally carotane, a fully saturated derivative of beta-carotene. They present similarities and differences in their rigidity, the presence of(More)