Mario Soriano

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Neurons and glia in spinal sensory ganglia derive from multipotent neural crest-derived stem cells. In contrast to neural progenitor cells in the central nervous system, neural crest progenitors coexist with differentiated sensory neurons all throughout the neurogenic period. Thus, developing sensory ganglia are advantageous for determining the possible(More)
We describe a new molecular mechanism of cell death by excitotoxicity mediated through nuclear transcription factor kappa B (NF kappa B) in rat embryonic cultures of dopaminergic neurons. Treatment of mesencephalic cultures with alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic acid (AMPA) resulted in a number of changes that occurred selectively in(More)
Many stem cell types have been shown to differentiate into endothelial cells (ECs); however, their specification to arterial or venous endothelium remains unexplored. We tested whether a specific arterial or venous EC fate could be induced in human multipotent adult progenitor cells (hMAPCs) and AC133(+) cells (hAC133(+)). In vitro, in the presence of(More)
Developing neuronal populations undergo significant attrition by natural cell death. Dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta undergo apoptosis during synaptogenesis. Following this time window, destruction of the anatomic target of dopaminergic neurons results in dopaminergic cell death but the morphology is no longer apoptotic. We(More)
Gastrointestinal stromal tumours (GISTs) are the most common mesenchymal (non-epithelial) neoplasms of the human gastrointestinal (GI) tract. They are thought to derive from interstitial cells of Cajal (ICCs) or an ICC progenitor based on immunophenotypical and ultrastructural similarities. Because ICCs show primary cilium, our hypothesis is based on the(More)
The primary cilium is a non-motile cilium whose structure is 9+0. It is involved in co-ordinating cellular signal transduction pathways, developmental processes and tissue homeostasis. Defects in the structure or function of the primary cilium underlie numerous human diseases, collectively termed ciliopathies. The presence of single cilia in the central(More)
Peripheral nerve grafts have shown the ability to facilitate central axonal growth and regenerate the adult central nervous system. However, the detailed description of a technique for atraumatic graft placement within the brain is lacking. We present a stereotactic procedure to implant a peripheral nerve graft within a rat's brain with minimal brain tissue(More)
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