Mario Rivera

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Meso-2,3-dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) is bound to plasma albumin in humans and appears to be excreted in the urine as the DMSA-cysteine mixed disulfide. The pharmacokinetics of DMSA have been determined after its administration to humans po. For the blood, the tmax and t1/2 were 3.0 h + 0.45 SE and 3.2 h + 0.56 SE, respectively. The Cmax was 26.2 microM +(More)
For many pathogenic bacteria like Pseudomonas aeruginosa heme is an essential source of iron. After uptake, the heme molecule is degraded by heme oxygenases to yield iron, carbon monoxide, and biliverdin. The heme oxygenase PigA is only induced under iron-limiting conditions and produces the unusual biliverdin isomers IXbeta and IXdelta. The gene for a(More)
The diffusion of innovations model (DIM) and complex adaptive systems theory (CAS) can be employed together in the construction of predictive or applied hybrid models of induced change in population behavior. In such interventions, differentiated heterogeneous zones may act as catalysts for the adoption of innovation. The present study explores the actual(More)
Phytochromes are a collection of bilin-containing photoreceptors that regulate numerous photoresponses in plants and microorganisms through their ability to photointerconvert between a red-light-absorbing, ground state (Pr) and a far-red-light-absorbing, photoactivated state (Pfr). Although the structures of several phytochromes as Pr have been determined,(More)
The exact timing, route, and process of the initial peopling of the Americas remains uncertain despite much research. Archaeological evidence indicates the presence of humans as far as southern Chile by 14.6 thousand years ago (ka), shortly after the Pleistocene ice sheets blocking access from eastern Beringia began to retreat. Genetic estimates of the(More)
Candidate gene and genome-wide association studies have not identified common variants, which are reliably associated with depression. The recent identification of obesity predisposing genes that are highly expressed in the brain raises the possibility of their genetic contribution to depression. As variation in the intron 1 of the fat mass- and(More)
Reversible cyclic voltammetry of recombinant rat outer membrane (OM) cytochrome b5 was observed at a gold electrode modified with beta-mercaptopropionic acid. Electron transfer between the negative electrode surface and the negatively charged OM cytochrome b5 was promoted by the addition of divalent metal ions such as Mg2+ or Ca2+ and by the positively(More)
Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) from smooth strains of Pseudomonas aeruginosa 503, PAZ1, PAO1715, PAO1716, and Z61 was fractionated by gel filtration chromatography. LPS samples from the first four strains, all PAO1 derivatives, separated into three major size populations, whereas LPS from strain Z61, a Pac K799/WT mutant strain, separated into two size(More)
The only outer mitochondrial membrane cytochrome b(5) examined to date, from rat (rOM b(5)), exhibits greater stability than known mammalian microsomal (Mc) isoforms, as well as a much higher kinetic barrier for hemin dissociation and a more negative reduction potential. A BlastP search of available databases using the protein sequence of rOM b(5) as(More)
Metal complexes of meso-dimercaptosuccinic acid (DMSA) with Pb2+, Cd2+, and Hg2+ were studied by potentiometric and infrared methods. This dimercapto metal-binding agent was found to form complexes whose structures are dependent on the metal ion to be complexed. In the cases of Pb2+ and Cd2+, one oxygen and one sulfur act as the donor atoms; in the case of(More)