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The effects of oxidized ATP (oATP) on responses triggered by extracellular adenosine 5'-triphosphate (ATPe) were investigated in the mouse macrophage-like cell line J774. ATPe induced in this cell line two kinds of responses mediated by two different P2 purinergic receptors: 1) an early permeabilization of the plasma membrane to extracellular hydrophilic(More)
The mechanism of action of 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase with the alternative substrate 2-deoxy 6-phosphogluconate was investigated using enzymes from sheep liver, human erythrocytes and Trypanosoma brucei. The three enzymes oxidize 2-deoxy 6-phosphogluconate, but only the sheep liver enzyme releases the intermediate 2-deoxy,3-keto 6-phosphogluconate.(More)
A rapid procedure for purification of myelin basic protein has been developed. White matter is delipidated with 2-butanol, and the residue is extracted at pH 7.5 and 8.5. Myelin basic protein is solubilized by extraction in acetate buffer, pH 4.5. The entire procedure requires less than 4 h, and gives homogeneous protein essentially free of protease(More)
The cells of Bacillus stearothermophilus contain an NADH-dependent diacetyl (acetoin) reductase. The enzyme was easily purified to homogeneity, partially characterised, and found to be composed of two subunits with the same molecular weight. In the presence of NADH, it catalyses the stereospecific reduction of diacetyl first to (3S)-acetoin and then to(More)
The kinetics of 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase from Trypanosoma brucei was examined and compared to those of the same enzyme from lamb's liver. Variation of kinetic parameters as a function of pH suggests a chemical mechanism similar to other 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenases. The comparison extended to a detailed analysis of the effect on enzyme activity(More)
Beauveria bassiana (Balsamo) Vuillemin and sublethal concentrations of the insect growth regulators (IGR) diflubenzuron and novaluron were applied simultaneously and sequentially to second-instar Locusta migratoria migratorioides (Sauss.) to determine the interaction between these materials and an entomopathogenic fungus. Nymphs were fed on corn leaf disks(More)
The genes cry1Ac and cry1Ca from Bacillus thuringiensis subsps. kurstaki HD-73 and aizawai 4J4, respectively, encoding δ-endotoxins against lepidopteran larvae were isolated, cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli, with and without cyt1Aa (encoding cytolytic protein) and p20 (accessory protein) from subsp. israelensis. Nine combinations of the genes under(More)
Incubation of lamb liver 6-phosphogluconate dehydrogenase, a dimeric enzyme with periodate-oxidized NADP causes the inactivation of the enzyme due to the covalent binding of 2 mol of inhibitor/mol of dimer. In the presence of substrate, the inactivation is faster and is almost complete after the labelling of only one subunit. These results not only confirm(More)
The oxidizing agent periodate has been used as an analogue of phosphate. The reaction of periodate with some enzymes which have a phosphate-binding site causes only the formation of disulfide bridges and the loss of the catalytic activity. Phosphate and other tetrahedral anions protect against inactivation. Other enzymes are not inactivated by periodate,(More)