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BACKGROUND Cushing's disease is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Pasireotide, a potential therapy, has a unique, broad somatostatin-receptor-binding profile, with high binding affinity for somatostatin-receptor subtype 5. METHODS In this double-blind, phase 3 study, we randomly assigned 162 adults with Cushing's disease and a urinary free(More)
Ketosis-prone diabetes is heterogeneous. Its causes could include novel beta-cell functional defects. To characterize such defects, 103 patients with diabetic ketoacidosis were evaluated for beta-cell autoimmunity and human leukocyte antigen (HLA) class II alleles, with longitudinal measurements of beta-cell function and biochemical and clinical parameters.(More)
Pasireotide (SOM230) is a multireceptor-targeted somatostatin analog with high binding affinity for four of the five somatostatin receptor subtypes (sst(1,2,3) and sst(5)), and potential clinical activity in several neuroendocrine and oncologic conditions, including acromegaly, Cushing's disease, and neuroendocrine tumors (NET). This manuscript reports the(More)
INTRODUCTION The clinical features and increased mortality associated with Cushing's syndrome result from a chronic excess of circulating cortisol. As LCI699 potently inhibits 11β-hydroxylase, which catalyzes the final step of cortisol synthesis, it is a potential new treatment for Cushing's disease, the most common cause of endogenous Cushing's syndrome.(More)
OBJECTIVE Signs and symptoms of Cushing's disease are associated with high burden of illness. In this analysis, we evaluated the effect of pasireotide treatment on signs and symptoms in patients with Cushing's disease. DESIGN Phase III study with double-blind randomization of two pasireotide doses. METHODS Patients (n = 162) with persistent/recurrent or(More)
Ketosis-prone diabetes (KPD) is a widespread, emerging, heterogeneous syndrome characterized by patients who present with diabetic ketoacidosis or unprovoked ketosis but do not necessarily have the typical phenotype of autoimmune type 1 diabetes. Multiple, severe forms of beta-cell dysfunction appear to underlie the pathophysiology of KPD. Until recently,(More)
OBJECTIVES Dyslipidemia associated with antiretroviral therapy is a common clinical problem among HIV-infected patients. Considering that the challenge of adherence to drugs (both antiretroviral and lipid lowering) may be substantial in routine HIV care, our objective was to evaluate the lipid-lowering effects of statins and fibrates in the management of(More)
OBJECTIVE Ketosis-prone diabetes (KPD) is an emerging, heterogeneous syndrome. A sound classification scheme for KPD is essential to guide clinical practice and pathophysiologic studies. Four schemes have been used and are based on immunologic criteria, immunologic criteria and insulin requirement, BMI, and immunologic criteria and beta-cell function (Abeta(More)
OBJECTIVE Twenty-four-hour urinary free cortisol (UFC) sampling is commonly used to evaluate Cushing's syndrome. Because there are few data on UFC variability in patients with active Cushing's disease, we analysed baseline UFC in a large patient cohort with moderate-to-severe Cushing's disease and assessed whether variability correlates with(More)
Dipeptidyl peptidase-IV (DPP-IV) inhibitors decrease degradation of the incretins. DPP-IV inhibitors also decrease degradation of peptides, such as substance P, that may be involved in the pathogenesis of angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor-associated angioedema. This study tested the hypothesis that DPP-IV inhibition affects risk of clinical(More)