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The spliceosome is a dynamic ribonucleoprotein (RNP) machine that catalyzes the removal of introns during the two transesterification steps of eukaryotic pre-mRNA splicing. Here we used single-molecule fluorescence resonance energy transfer to monitor the distance of the 5' splice site (5' SS) and branch point (BP) of pre-mRNA in affinity-purified(More)
The spliceosome is a complex small nuclear RNA (snRNA)-protein machine that removes introns from pre-mRNAs via two successive phosphoryl transfer reactions. The chemical steps are isoenergetic, yet splicing requires at least eight RNA-dependent ATPases responsible for substantial conformational rearrangements. To comprehensively monitor pre-mRNA(More)
We propose a general approach for determining the entropy and free energy of complex systems as a function of temperature and pressure. In this method the Fourier transform of the velocity autocorrelation function, obtained from a short ͑20 ps͒ molecular dynamics trajectory is used to obtain the vibrational density of states ͑DoS͒ which is then used to(More)
The fundamental processes in shock-induced instabilities of materials remain obscure, particularly for detonation of energetic materials. We simulated these processes at the atomic scale on a realistic model of a polymer-bonded explosive (3,695,375 atoms/cell) and observed that a hot spot forms at the nonuniform interface, arising from shear relaxation that(More)
We report Single Molecule Cluster Analysis (SiMCAn), which utilizes hierarchical clustering of hidden Markov modeling-fitted single-molecule fluorescence resonance energy transfer (smFRET) trajectories to dissect the complex conformational dynamics of biomolecular machines. We used this method to study the conformational dynamics of a precursor mRNA during(More)
It is important for many industrial processes to design new materials with improved selective permeability properties. Besides diffusion, the molecule's solubility contributes largely to the overall permeation process. This study presents a method to calculate solubility coefficients of gases such as O2, H2O (vapor), N2, and CO2 in polymeric matrices from(More)
In response to intracellular signals in Gram--negative bacteria, translational riboswitches--commonly embedded in messenger RNAs (mRNAs)-regulate gene expression through inhibition of translation initiation. It is generally thought that this regulation originates from occlusion of the Shine-Dalgarno (SD) sequence upon ligand binding; however, little direct(More)
During pre-mRNA splicing, a central step in the expression and regulation of eukaryotic genes, the spliceosome selects splice sites for intron excision and exon ligation. In doing so, the spliceosome must distinguish optimal from suboptimal splice sites. At the catalytic stage of splicing, suboptimal splice sites are repressed by the DEAH-box ATPases Prp16(More)
Synonyms Fluorescence resonant energy transfer (FRET); Single-molecule F€ orster resonance energy transfer; Single-pair fluorescence resonance energy transfer Definition Single-molecule fluorescence resonance energy transfer (smFRET) is a technique used to measure nanome-ter-scale distances between specific sites on an individual molecule, usually as a(More)
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