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Babesia caballi and Theileria equi are the causative agents of equine piroplasmosis. In this preliminary epidemiological study, 412 horses reared in central and northern Italy were sampled and three diagnostic methods compared, namely, the microscopy, the indirect fluorescent antibody test (IFAT) and a PCR. Possible risk factors (such as area, season,(More)
Visceral leishmaniasis (VL) incidence has been increased in Italy in humans and dogs since the 1990s, with new foci being detected within traditional boundaries of endemic transmission but also in northern regions previously regarded as non-endemic. To monitor the putative VL spreading, surveillance was implemented in northern continental Italy comprising:(More)
Despite the public health importance and the possible zoonotic role of Giardia, epidemiological survey on the prevalence of giardiosis in Italy are lacking and fragmentary, compared to other countries. A cross-sectional coprological study on giardiosis was carried out in central and northern Italy in dogs and humans with the aim to providing data about(More)
Ticks, collected in central and northern Italy from pets, livestock, wild animals and the environment (n=2107), were identified by microscopy and processed by molecular diagnostics to determine the species that act as a reservoir for piroplasms. A total of 11 ixodid tick species were identified, with five of them proving to be piroplasm positive. Molecular(More)
A commercially available competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (cELISA, VMRD) was validated for the detection of Neospora caninum antibodies in the serum of dogs, using as a reference test an indirect fluorescent antibody test (IFAT, Fuller). A partial verification approach was used. A total of 618 dogs were screened with cELISA and a subset of(More)
In Italy, canine piroplasmosis is believed to be widespread, but few data are available on its presence in most areas. In 2005 and 2006, vertebrate and invertebrate hosts were investigated in Central and Northern Regions of the Country. Microscopy on blood smears, molecular tools and serological tests were applied to 420 blood samples collected from dogs,(More)
In Italy, babesiosis is widespread in several Central and Southern Regions, but few data are available on its presence in most Italian areas. In 2004 a project was financed by the MIUR to investigate on the babesiosis epidemiology in vertebrate and invertebrate hosts, and on the transmission risk for humans in Central and Northern Regions of the country.(More)
Canine leishmaniasis (CanL) due to Leishmania infantum is a disease of great veterinary importance and a serious public health problem. In humans, L. infantum causes visceral (VL) and cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) and the distribution of VL overlaps that of CanL. Currently, VL is considered by WHO as an emerging zoonosis in southern Europe. The dog is the(More)