Mario Palermo

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Essential hypertension (EH) is a complex disorder that results from the interaction of a number of susceptibility genes and environmental factors. We studied an isolated Sardinian village (Talana) in which the prevalence of hypertension is comparable to that in most Western populations. Talana exhibits features, such as slow demographic growth, high(More)
The history of licorice as an officinal plant dates back thousands of years, and licorice is still appreciated as a medicinal root. Many of its endocrine properties can be derived from observations of Authors of the ancient world, when hormones were not known. Inappropriate use of licorice can produce pseudoaldosteronism, by inactivating(More)
Carbenoxolone (Cbx), a derivative of glycyrrhetinic acid, which has been found to affect mineralocorticoid and glucocorticoid receptors, induces swelling and membrane potential collapse when added to Ca(2+)-loaded liver mitochondria at 10 microM concentrations. These effects are strictly correlated with hydrogen peroxide generation, increase in oxygen(More)
Glycyrrhetinic acid (GE), a hydrolysis product of glycyrrhizic acid, one of the main constituents of licorice root, is able, depending on its concentration, to prevent or to induce the mitochondrial permeability transition (MPT) (a phenomenon related to oxidative stress) in rat heart mitochondria (RHM). In RHM, below a threshold concentration of 7.5 microM,(More)
Mutations in the kidney isozyme of human 11-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (11-HSD2) cause apparent mineralocorticoid excess, an autosomal recessive form of familial hypertension. We studied 4 patients with AME, identifying 4 novel and 3 previously reported mutations in the HSD11B2 (HSD11K) gene. Point mutations causing amino acid substitutions were(More)
OBJECTIVE Two isoforms of 11 beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase (11 beta-HSD) catalyse the interconversion of cortisol to hormonally inactive cortisone; defects in the 11 beta-HSD2 isoform result in hypertension. The kidney, expressing high levels of 11 beta-HSD2, is the principal source of cortisone in man. We have validated the measurement of urinary free(More)
Mutations in the HSD11B2 gene encoding the kidney (11-HSD2) isozyme of 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase cause apparent mineralocorticoid excess, a form of familial hypertension. Because the hypertension associated with AME is of the salt-sensitive type, it seemed possible that decreases in 11-HSD2 activity might be associated with salt sensitivity. To(More)
Glycyrrhetinic acid (GE), the aglycone of glycyrrhizic acid, a triterpene glycoside which represents one of the main constituents of licorice root, induces an oxidative stress in liver mitochondria responsible for the induction of membrane permeability transition. In fact, GE, by interacting with the mitochondrial respiratory chain, generates hydrogen(More)
UNLABELLED Licorice has been considered a medicinal plant for thousands of years. The most common side effect is hypokalemic hypertension, which is secondary to a block of 11beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase type 2 at the level of the kidney, leading to an enhanced mineralocorticoid effect of cortisol. We have investigated the effect of licorice on androgen(More)
Studies have shown that there are several factors that predict nonadherence among patients with mood disorders. The aim of the present review is to identify the predictors of nonadherence among these patients. A careful review of the literature was conducted investigating several potential predictors of nonadherence among patients with mood disorders. A(More)