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We found that the human intestinal isolate Bifidobacterium bifidum MIMBb75 strongly adhered to Caco-2 cells. Proteinase K and lithium chloride treatments showed that proteins play a key role in MIMBb75 adhesion to Caco-2 cells. By studying the cell wall-associated proteins, we identified a surface protein, which we labeled BopA. We purified the protein(More)
The 'promiscuous' E2A gene, at 19p13.3, is fused with two different molecular partners, PBX1 and HLF, following two chromosome translocations recurrent in childhood pre-B ALL. We have identified a novel gene, FB1, by virtue of its fusion with E2A and by a combination of molecular techniques. FB1 was localized on 19q13.4, suggesting that the novel chimera(More)
Ecteinascidin-743 (ET-743) is a tetrahydroisoquinoline alkaloid isolated from the tunicate Ecteinascidia turbinata currently under phase II clinical trials for its potent anticancer activity. ET-743 binds DNA in the minor groove and forms covalent adducts with some sequence specificity. It selectively inhibits in vitro binding of the CCAAT box factor NF-Y.(More)
Eukaryotic cells respond to a variety of DNA insults by triggering a common signal transduction cascade, known as checkpoint response, which temporarily halts cell-cycle progression. Although the main players involved in the cascade have been identified, there is still uncertainty about the nature of the structures that activate these surveillance(More)
Pole3 (DPB4/YBL1/CHRAC17) is one of the subunits of the DNA polymerase e. It contains a histone-like domain required for the hererodimerization with its Pole4 (DPB3) partner. In another interaction, Pole3 heterodimerizes with YCL1/CHRAC15 and associates with the ACF1/SNF2H remodelling complex. We find that the Pol3 gene is regulated in starved NIH3T3(More)
Totipotency of embryonic stem cells (ESCs) is controlled at the transcriptional level by a handful of transcription factors (TFs) that promote stemness and prevent differentiation. One of the most enriched DNA elements in promoters and enhancers of genes specifically active in ESCs is the CCAAT box, which is recognized by NF-Y, a trimer with histone-like(More)
Differentiation is a complex set of events that can be blocked by rearrangements of regulatory genes producing fusion proteins with altered properties. In the case of myxoid liposarcoma (MLS) tumors, the causative abnormality is a fusion between the CHOP transcription factor and the FUS or EWS genes. CHOP belongs to and is a negative regulator of the large(More)
Yondelis is a potent DNA-binding anticancer drug isolated from the tunicate Ecteinascidia turbinata currently undergoing phase III clinical trials. We and others have shown selective inhibition to the transcriptional induction of several genes. We tested the hypothesis that Yondelis specifically targets cell-cycle genes. Our analysis on endogenous and(More)
The ability to positively affect host health through the modulation of the immune response is a feature of increasing importance in measuring the probiotic potential of a bacterial strain. However, the identities of the bacterial cell components involved in cross talk with immune cells remain elusive. In this study, we characterized the dairy strain(More)
The transcription factor GATA-1 is required for the normal development of erythroid cells. GATA-1 is also expressed in other hemopoietic cells, suggesting that it might be initially activated in a multipotent progenitor. To immortalize GATA-1-expressing progenitors, we generated mice transgenic for a thermosensitive SV40 T gene, driven by the GATA-1(More)