Intimal-medial thickening of the carotid wall is considered an early marker of atherosclerosis. Endothelial function is impaired in the presence of various cardiovascular risk factors that are implicated in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. To evaluate the relationship between vascular reactivity and carotid intimal-medial thickening, in 44 (mean+/-SD… (More)
BACKGROUND The effect of cinacalcet on the structural pattern of hyperplastic parathyroid glands was evaluated, using high-resolution colour Doppler (CD) sonography, in haemodialysis patients with severe, inadequately controlled, secondary hyperparathyroidism (sHPT). METHODS Nine patients (6 males, 3 females; mean age +/- SD, 55.5 +/- 12.6 years) received… (More)
Prevention and correction of hyperphosphatemia is a major goal of chronic kidney disease-mineral and bone disorder (CKD-MBD) management, achievable through avoidance of a positive phosphate balance. To this aim, optimal dialysis removal, careful use of phosphate binders, and dietary phosphate control are needed to optimize the control of phosphate balance… (More)
An increase of glomerular filtration rate after protein load represents renal functional reserve (RFR) and is due to afferent arteriolar vasodilation. Lack of RFR may be a risk factor for acute kidney injury (AKI), but is cumbersome to measure. We sought to develop a non-invasive, bedside method that would indirectly measure RFR. Mechanical abdominal… (More)
This case offers a starting point for a literature review on peritoneal ultrafiltration in refractory heart failure.