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The nutritional treatment of chronic renal failure with a low-protein low-phosphorus diet (conventional low-protein diet, CLPD) is effective in reducing uremic intoxication, slowing the progression of renal failure and preventing secondary hyperparathyroidism. Unfortunately, in some patients, the poor palatability and the high cost of the protein-free(More)
On 31 May 2013, the first case of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection in Italy was laboratory confirmed in a previously healthy adult man, who developed pneumonia with moderate respiratory distress after returning from a holiday in Jordan. Two secondary cases were identified through contact tracing, among family members and(More)
BACKGROUND The effect of cinacalcet on the structural pattern of hyperplastic parathyroid glands was evaluated, using high-resolution colour Doppler (CD) sonography, in haemodialysis patients with severe, inadequately controlled, secondary hyperparathyroidism (sHPT). METHODS Nine patients (6 males, 3 females; mean age +/- SD, 55.5 +/- 12.6 years) received(More)
Acquired cystic kidney disease (ACKD) and renal cell carcinoma (RCC) are the most important manifestations of end-stage kidneys' structural changes. ACKD is caused by kidney damage or scarring and it is characterized by the presence of small, multiple cortical and medullary cysts filled with a fluid similar to preurine. ACKD prevalence varies according to(More)
This study was planned to clarify the mechanism(s) by which hemodialysis increases the QTc dispersion, a marker of risk of ventricular arrhythmias. To this aim, 10 uremic patients, without any relevant heart diseases, underwent two different types of hemodialysis schedules. In the first, 1 h of isolated high rate ultrafiltration preceded the standard(More)
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients are at risk for protein-energy wasting, abnormal body composition and impaired physical capacity. These complications lead to increased risk of hospitalization, morbidity and mortality.In CKD patient as well as in healthy people, there is a close association between nutrition and physical activity. Namely, inadequate(More)
AIMS To assess the endothelial function of the skin microcirculation in chronic renal failure (CRF) independent of hypertension, we investigated the changes of the cutaneous blood flow induced by iontophoretic delivery of acetylcholine (ACh) and of sodium nitroprusside (SNP) in CRF patients free from arterial hypertension and in patients with essential(More)
In western countries, the risk of cardiovascular disease has increased considerably in recent decades. This trend has been paralleled by an increase in cases of atherosclerotic renal disease, which is related to the improved prognosis of cardiovascular diseases, aging, and the increasing mean age of the general population. It is reasonable to expect that in(More)
When a renal mass is suspected, conventional ultrasound and color Doppler imaging are often used for initial assessment. Ultrasound screening has many advantages over contrast-enhanced CT and MRI, such as accessibility, low costs, and no need for intravenous iodine contrast administration or ionizing radiation. Sonography is very helpful to distinguish(More)