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On 31 May 2013, the first case of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV) infection in Italy was laboratory confirmed in a previously healthy adult man, who developed pneumonia with moderate respiratory distress after returning from a holiday in Jordan. Two secondary cases were identified through contact tracing, among family members and(More)
Acquired cystic kidney disease (ACKD) and renal cell carcinoma (RCC) are the most important manifestations of end-stage kidneys' structural changes. ACKD is caused by kidney damage or scarring and it is characterized by the presence of small, multiple cortical and medullary cysts filled with a fluid similar to preurine. ACKD prevalence varies according to(More)
INTRODUCTION Although several registries collecting data of patients with kidney diseases exist, only a few specifically collect data relating to renal biopsy. Kidney biopsy has been performed routinely in Pisa since 1977; the aim of this study was to report the relative frequency of nephropathies according to gender, age at time of biopsy, clinical(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate whether a stimulated diuresis test associated with ultrasound is able to differentiate pelvic dilation due to atonicity from pelviureteric junction obstruction (PUO). 42 patients (25 f, 17 m) with minimal or moderate renal pelvis dilation revealed by sonography were selected for the test. Three different measurements of(More)
PURPOSE High-resolution sonography (US) with color Doppler imaging (CDI) is a simple, noninvasive, safe and repeatable technique able to highlight the presence of hyperplastic parathyroid glands and changes in their volume, structure, and vascularization during uremia. The primary aim of this study was to assess the diagnostic accuracy of US and the(More)
The nutritional treatment of chronic renal failure with a low-protein low-phosphorus diet (conventional low-protein diet, CLPD) is effective in reducing uremic intoxication, slowing the progression of renal failure and preventing secondary hyperparathyroidism. Unfortunately, in some patients, the poor palatability and the high cost of the protein-free(More)
Secondary renal involvement in advanced nonHodgkin’s lymphomas is quite common, but primary renal lymphoma (PRL) is a rare disease. It accounts for 0.7% of all extra-nodal lymphomas in North America and 0.1% in Japan, and 65 cases have been reported in the worldwide literature. PRL is also a debated disease because kidneys do not contain lymphatic tissue(More)
BACKGROUND The effect of cinacalcet on the structural pattern of hyperplastic parathyroid glands was evaluated, using high-resolution colour Doppler (CD) sonography, in haemodialysis patients with severe, inadequately controlled, secondary hyperparathyroidism (sHPT). METHODS Nine patients (6 males, 3 females; mean age +/- SD, 55.5 +/- 12.6 years) received(More)
Nephrotic syndrome is a protein-wasting disorder affecting total body protein metabolism, often leading to reduction of lean body mass and changes of muscle cell composition. The aim of this study was to investigate the susceptibility to muscle cell damage in nephrotic patients following submaximal physical exercise, by detection of the creatine kinase (CK)(More)
The prevalence of arterial hypertension (HT) was investigated in 258 patients (171 m, 87 f, 22-68 years) with a history of primary stone disease. HT was detected in 64 patients (24.8%), with no difference between males (25.7%) and females (23.0%). The prevalence of HT by age was very similar to that of a general population, especially in the calcium stone(More)