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Many U.S. states have passed legislation providing leave to organ and bone marrow donors and/or tax benefits for live and deceased organ and bone marrow donations and to employers of donors. We exploit cross-state variation in the timing of such legislation to analyze its impact on organ donations by living and deceased persons, on measures of the quality(More)
We present evidence from a natural field experiment involving nearly 100,000 individuals on the effects of offering economic incentives for blood donations. Subjects who were offered economic rewards to donate blood were more likely to donate, and more so the higher the value of the rewards. They were also more likely to attract others to donate, spatially(More)
This paper analyzes the effects of a legislative provision that grants a one-day paid leave of absence to blood donors who are employees in Italy. The analysis is based on a unique database with the complete donation histories of the blood donors in an Italian town. The cross-sectional variation in job market status and type of employers, and job switching(More)
Will There Be Blood? Incentives and Substitution Effects in Pro-social Behavior We examine how economic incentives affect pro-social behavior through the analysis of a unique dataset with information on more than 14,000 American Red Cross blood drives. Our findings are consistent with blood donors responding to incentives in a “standard” way; offering(More)
A competitive general equilibrium model with complete collateralized contracts under limited commitment is proposed and analyzed. With limited aggregate collateral, risk sharing is imperfect. There exists a minimal spanning set of finite collateralized contracts that generates the feasible space and that contains more than the complete set of collateralized(More)
In many low- and middle-income countries blood donations per capita are substantially lower than in advanced economies. In these countries blood supply is mostly collected through directed donations from relatives and friends to individuals needing transfusions or to replace blood used in emergencies. The World Health Organization considers this method of(More)
Social Image Concerns and Pro-Social Behavior Using longitudinal data on the entire population of blood donors in an Italian town, we examine how donors respond to an award scheme which rewards them with “medals” when they reach certain donation quotas. Our results indicate that donors significantly increase the frequency of their donations immediately(More)
We conducted a field experiment with the American Red Cross to study the effects of economic incentives on volunteer activities. The experiment was designed to assess local and short-term effects, but also spatial and temporal substitution, heterogeneity and spillovers. Subjects offered $5, $10, and $15 gift cards to give blood were more likely to donate,(More)
T he position and guidelines of the World Health Organization (WHO) and several national blood collection agencies for nearly 40 years have been based on the view that offering economic incentives to blood donors is detrimental to the quantity and safety of the blood supply ( 1). The guidelines suggest that blood should be obtained from unpaid volunteers(More)
In this paper, I analyze the influence of labor market conditions on wages by considering an insurance model of the employment relationship. The model allows for limited commitment on both sides of the labor contract, and has three main implications: First, wages can be correlated with both the best and the worst labor market conditions since the start of a(More)