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One of the first specialized collections of nucleic acid sequences in life sciences was the 'compilation of tRNA sequences and sequences of tRNA genes' (http://www.trna.uni-bayreuth.de). Here, an updated and completely restructured version of this compilation is presented (http://trnadb.bioinf.uni-leipzig.de). The new database, tRNAdb, is hosted and(More)
Riboswitches are regulatory RNA elements typically located in the 5'-untranslated region of certain mRNAs and control gene expression at the level of transcription or translation. These elements consist of a sensor and an adjacent actuator domain. The sensor usually is an aptamer that specifically interacts with a ligand. The actuator contains an intrinsic(More)
The mitochondrial tRNA gene for lysine was analyzed in 11 different marsupial mammals. Whereas its location is conserved when compared with other vertebrate mitochondrial genomes, its primary sequence and inferred secondary structure are highly unusual and variable. For example, eight species lack the expected anticodon. Because the corresponding(More)
Mass spectrometry (MS)-based quantitative interaction proteomics has successfully elucidated specific protein-protein, DNA-protein, and small molecule-protein interactions. Here, we developed a gel-free, sensitive, and scalable technology that addresses the important area of RNA-protein interactions. Using aptamer-tagged RNA as bait, we captured(More)
Over 150 mutations in the mitochondrial genome have been shown to be associated with human disease. Remarkably, two-thirds of them are found in tRNA genes, which constitute only one-tenth of the mitochondrial genome. A total of 22 tRNAs punctuate the genome and are produced together with 11 mRNAs and 2 rRNAs from long polycistronic primary transcripts with(More)
Overlapping tRNA genes in mitochondria of many metazoans introduce a problem for the processing of such polycistronic primary transcripts. Using runoff transcripts and an S100 extract from HeLa cell mitochondria, the processing of the human mitochondrial tRNATyr/tRNACys precursor (carrying an overlap of one base) was investigated: tRNACys is released in its(More)
The trans-splicing group II intron c/d in the Oenothera mitochondrial nad1 gene is modified by RNA editing in domain 6. This C-to-U conversion generates the typical domain 6 structure, which prompted us to speculate that this RNA editing event might be essential for splicing. To test this hypothesis, we investigated the influence of unedited and edited(More)
BACKGROUND SELEX is an iterative process in which highly diverse synthetic nucleic acid libraries are selected over many rounds to finally identify aptamers with desired properties. However, little is understood as how binders are enriched during the selection course. Next-generation sequencing offers the opportunity to open the black box and observe a(More)
In marsupial mitochondria, the nucleotide residue at the second position of the anticodon of the tRNA for aspartic acid is changed post-transcriptionally such that the translational machinery recognizes it as a uracil rather than the cytosine residue encoded in the gene. By postlabeling nucleotide analysis, we show here that the cytosine residue is(More)
We report a novel heteroplasmic point mutation G8299A in the gene for mitochondrial tRNA(Lys) in a patient with progressive external ophthalmoplegia complicated by recurrent respiratory insufficiency. Biochemical analysis of respiratory chain complexes in muscle homogenate showed a combined complex I and IV deficiency. The transition does not represent a(More)