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Overlapping tRNA genes in mitochondria of many metazoans introduce a problem for the processing of such polycistronic primary transcripts. Using runoff transcripts and an S100 extract from HeLa cell mitochondria, the processing of the human mitochondrial tRNATyr/tRNACys precursor (carrying an overlap of one base) was investigated: tRNACys is released in its(More)
One of the first specialized collections of nucleic acid sequences in life sciences was the 'compilation of tRNA sequences and sequences of tRNA genes' (http://www.trna.uni-bayreuth.de). Here, an updated and completely restructured version of this compilation is presented (http://trnadb.bioinf.uni-leipzig.de). The new database, tRNAdb, is hosted and(More)
Over 150 mutations in the mitochondrial genome have been shown to be associated with human disease. Remarkably, two-thirds of them are found in tRNA genes, which constitute only one-tenth of the mitochondrial genome. A total of 22 tRNAs punctuate the genome and are produced together with 11 mRNAs and 2 rRNAs from long polycistronic primary transcripts with(More)
A method is described that allows a general drawback of in vitro transcription assays to be overcome: RNA polymerases tend to add extra nucleotides to the RNA 3' end that are not encoded in the linearized DNA template. Furthermore, these polymerases show a considerable rate of premature termination close to the RNA's 3' end. These features lead to a(More)
Point mutations in mitochondrial tRNAs can cause severe multisystemic disorders such as mitochondrial encephalomyopathy with lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodes (MELAS) and myoclonus epilepsy with ragged-red fibers (MERRF). Some of these mutations impair one or more steps of tRNA maturation and protein biosynthesis including 5'-end-processing,(More)
RNA polymerases are important enzymes involved in the realization of the genetic information encoded in the genome. Thereby, DNA sequences are used as templates to synthesize all types of RNA. Besides these classical polymerases, there exists another group of RNA polymerizing enzymes that do not depend on nucleic acid templates. Among those, tRNA(More)
All tRNA molecules carry the invariant sequence CCA at their 3'-terminus for amino acid attachment. The post-transcriptional addition of CCA is carried out by ATP(CTP):tRNA nucleotidyltransferase, also called CCase. This enzyme catalyses a unique template-independent but sequence-specific nucleotide polymerization reaction. In order to reveal the molecular(More)
CCA-adding enzymes are specialized polymerases that add a specific sequence (C-C-A) to tRNA 3' ends without requiring a nucleic acid template. In some organisms, CCA synthesis is accomplished by the collaboration of evolutionary closely related enzymes with partial activities (CC and A addition). These enzymes carry all known motifs of the catalytic core(More)
Riboswitches are regulatory RNA elements typically located in the 5'-untranslated region of certain mRNAs and control gene expression at the level of transcription or translation. These elements consist of a sensor and an adjacent actuator domain. The sensor usually is an aptamer that specifically interacts with a ligand. The actuator contains an intrinsic(More)
Mass spectrometry (MS)-based quantitative interaction proteomics has successfully elucidated specific protein-protein, DNA-protein, and small molecule-protein interactions. Here, we developed a gel-free, sensitive, and scalable technology that addresses the important area of RNA-protein interactions. Using aptamer-tagged RNA as bait, we captured(More)