Mario Lozano-Chiu

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We investigated the relevance of prominent reduction in turbidity macroscopically (MIC) and formation of aberrant hyphal tips microscopically (minimum effective concentration; MEC) in measuring the in vitro activity of caspofungin against Aspergillus and Fusarium. Caspofungin generated low MICs and MECs against Aspergillus, but not for Fusarium. While MICs(More)
In order to determine the current prevalence and incidence of fluconazole-resistant oropharyngeal candidiasis among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients, we conducted a prospective observational study of a consecutive series of HIV-infected patients. Of 128 enrolled patients, 70 patients completed four quarterly follow-up visits over a(More)
Failures of drug treatment in fungal infections combined with improvements in performances and standardization of antifungal susceptibility testing have drawn attention to the problem of antifungal resistance and its underlying mechanisms. Resistance of Candida species and Cryptococcus neoformans to flucytosine (5FC) develops during monotherapy. Acquired(More)
We sought the reservoir of Fusarium species in a hospital with cases of known fusarial infections. Cultures of samples from patients and the environment were performed and evaluated for relatedness by use of molecular methods. Fusarium species was recovered from 162 (57%) of 283 water system samples. Of 92 sink drains tested, 72 (88%) yielded Fusarium(More)
Although reliable detection of resistance in vitro is critical to the overall performance of any susceptibility testing method, the recently released National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards M27-A methodology for susceptibility testing of yeasts discriminates poorly between resistant and susceptible isolates of Candida spp. We have previously(More)
We investigated the in vitro interaction of caspofungin and amphotericin B for clinical isolates of Aspergillus and FUSARIUM: Synergy tests were performed using the checkerboard method and following the NCCLS M38-P guidelines in Antibiotic Medium 3 broth supplemented to 2% glucose. Antagonism was not observed for any of the isolates tested. Caspofungin and(More)
The trailing growth phenomenon seen when determining the susceptibilities of Candida isolates to the azole antifungal agents makes consistent endpoint determination difficult, and the M27-A method of the National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards addresses this problem by requiring an 80% reduction in growth after 48 h of incubation. For some(More)
We compared the activities of amphotericin B, itraconazole, and voriconazole against clinical Aspergillus (n = 82) and Fusarium (n = 22) isolates by a microdilution method adopted from the National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards (NCCLS-M27A). RPMI 1640 (RPMI), RPMI 1640 supplemented to 2% glucose (RPMI-2), and antibiotic medium 3 supplemented(More)
We investigated the in vitro activity of nystatin and liposomal nystatin against 103 Candida isolates to determine the effect of both time and medium on MICs. We also compared the nystatin MICs with those of amphotericin B and fluconazole. Testing was performed in accordance with the National Committee for Clinical Laboratory Standards M27-A microdilution(More)
To estimate the prevalence of both clinically evident and asymptomatic carriage of fluconazole-resistant Candida, we prospectively surveyed 128 adults infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). The patients had an average CD4 cell count of 206/mm3. Ninety-seven isolates of Candida were obtained from the oropharynx of 82 patients (64%). Of these 82(More)