Learn More
During a multicentric study conducted in Southern Italy, we studied five sets of cystic fibrosis siblings bearing a strongly discordant liver phenotype, three with genotype DeltaF508/R553X, one with genotype DeltaF508/unknown, and one with genotype unknown/unknown. The siblings of each set were raised in the same family environment, and there were no(More)
Ocular allergy represents one of the most common conditions encountered by allergists and ophthalmologists. Allergic conjunctivitis is often underdiagnosed and consequently undertreated. Basic and clinical research has provided a better understanding of the cells, mediators, and immunologic events, which occur in ocular allergy. New pharmacological agents(More)
Recently, an atypical form of celiac disease (CD) has been identified, in which gastrointestinal symptoms are less pronounced. Other organs can be more or less severely affected, and the disease might be unrecognized and undiagnosed. In some cases, hypertransaminasemia has been indicated as the first symptom of CD in infancy. A direct relationship between(More)
BACKGROUND Mutations in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene are a relatively frequent cause of male infertility such as congenital absence of vas deferens. This finding suggests that CFTR could play a significant role in the etiopathogenesis of congenital absence of vas deferens. METHODS To assess how often CFTR mutations(More)
Specific immunotherapy (SIT) is the only treatment able to not only act on the symptoms of allergy but also act on the causes. At present, SIT may be administered in two forms: subcutaneous (SCIT) and sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT). SCIT represents the standard modality of treatment while SLIT has recently been introduced into clinical practice and today(More)
BACKGROUND Probiotics may be of help for the management of acute diarrhoea, however, the effect is strain specific and efficacy needs to be proven. AIM To test the efficacy and safety of Lactobacillus reuteri DSM 17938 derived from L. reuteri ATCC 55730 in children with acute diarrhoea. Primary outcomes were the rate of unresolved diarrhoea after 3 days(More)
The nose plays a primary role within the airways, working as a filter and air-conditioner, together with other important functions. Thus, it is not surprising that nasal diseases are associated with several other comorbidities, including both upper and lower airways, such as bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR) and asthma. Several studies have investigated(More)
FEV1 is considered an important parameter for asthma diagnosis and follow-up. However, it has been proposed that FEF25-75 could be more sensitive than FEV1 to detect slight airways obstruction. Bronchial reversibility defined by positive response to bronchodilation test. The aim of the present study was to define whether an impaired FEF25-75 value (less(More)
BACKGROUND Sublingual-swallow immunotherapy was recently recognized in the World Health Organization Position Paper (Allergen immunotherapy: therapeutic vaccines for allergic diseases) "as a viable alternative to parenteral injection therapy to treat allergic diseases" in adults. More controlled studies were required to assess the efficacy and safety of(More)
BACKGROUND Cow's milk allergy (CMA) in children is a important problem in medical practice. Oral desensitization has been proposed as a therapeutic approach, but current protocols are time-consuming and impractical. OBJECTIVES To establish a patient-friendly desensitization regimen with weekly up-dosing and to evaluate it in a randomized controlled trial.(More)