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Complete consensus nucleotide sequences were determined for human metapneumovirus (HMPV) isolates CAN97-83 and CAN98-75, representing the two proposed genotypes or genetic subgroups of HMPV. The overall level of genome nucleotide sequence identity and aggregate proteome amino acid sequence identity between the two HMPV subgroups were 80 and 90%,(More)
Human metapneumovirus (HMPV) has recently been identified as a significant cause of serious respiratory tract disease in humans. In particular, the emerging information on the contribution of HMPV to pediatric respiratory tract disease suggests that it will be important to develop a vaccine against this virus for use in conjunction with those being(More)
Recombinant human metapneumovirus (HMPV) in which the SH, G, or M2 gene or open reading frame was deleted by reverse genetics was evaluated for replication and vaccine efficacy following topical administration to the respiratory tract of African green monkeys, a permissive primate host. Replication of the deltaSH virus was only marginally less efficient(More)
Members of the Paramyxovirinae subfamily of the Paramyxoviridae family of viruses have the unusual requirement that the nucleotide length of the viral genome must be an even multiple of six in order for efficient RNA replication, and hence virus replication, to occur. Human parainfluenza virus type 2 (HPIV2) is the only member of the genus that has been(More)
Chimeric versions of recombinant human metapneumovirus (HMPV) were generated by replacing the nucleoprotein (N) or phosphoprotein (P) open reading frame with its counterpart from the closely related avian metapneumovirus (AMPV) subgroup C. In Vero cells, AMPV replicated to an approximately 100-fold-higher titer than HMPV. Surprisingly, the N and P chimeric(More)
A phenylalanine to leucine mutation at position 521 in the L polymerase of cpts530, a live-attenuated respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) cold-passaged (cp), temperature-sensitive (ts) candidate vaccine, specifies the ts and attenuation (att) phenotypes. Sequence alignment of this region in the L proteins of several distantly related paramyxoviruses revealed(More)
This study examines the contribution of the fusion (F) and hemagglutinin-neuraminidase (HN) glycoprotein genes of bovine parainfluenza virus type 3 (BPIV3) to its restricted replication in the respiratory tract of nonhuman primates. A chimeric recombinant human parainfluenza type 3 virus (HPIV3) containing BPIV3 F and HN glycoprotein genes in place of its(More)
To help in identifying functional domains within Ad5 E1A proteins, we have constructed a series of mutants that create deletions throughout these products. We have also produced several mis-sense point mutations in the unique 13 S mRNA region. These mutated E1A regions have been tested in plasmid form for their ability to activate transcription of an(More)
The live-attenuated human parainfluenza virus 3 (PIV3) cold-passage 45 (cp45) candidate vaccine was shown previously to be safe, immunogenic, and phenotypically stable in seronegative human infants. Previous findings indicated that each of the three amino acid substitutions in the L polymerase protein of cp45 independently confers the temperature-sensitive(More)
The Kansas/15626/84 (Ka) and Shipping Fever (SF) strains of bovine parainfluenza virus type 3 (BPIV3) replicate less efficiently than human PIV3 (HPIV3) in the upper and lower respiratory tract of rhesus monkeys, and BPIV3 Ka is also highly attenuated in humans and is in clinical trials as a candidate vaccine against HPIV3. To initiate an investigation of(More)