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The use of nanomaterials allows the design of ultrasensitive biosensors with advantages in the detection of organic molecules. Catechol and catechin are molecules that occur naturally in fruits, and their presence in products like dyes and wines affects quality standards. In this study, catechol and catechin were measured at the nanoscale by means of cyclic(More)
The chemical and enzymatic deposition of polyaniline (PANI) films by in situ polymerization was studied and the resulting films were characterized. The film formation and polymerization processes were simultaneously monitored by the evolution of the open circuit potential and quartz-crystal microbalance measurements. Different substrates, such as Indium-Tin(More)
Gold catalysts modified by Fe and Ni and supported on different zeolite matrixes have been studied by TEM, TPR, and catalytic testing. The presence of a metal oxide additive allows stabilizing small gold particles, particularly in the case of Fe. The shape of light-off curves shows two temperature regions of the catalyst activity, a low-temperature range(More)
The nature and size of the real active species of nanoparticulated metal supported catalysts is still an unresolved question. The technique of choice to measure particle sizes at the nanoscale, HRTEM, has a practical limit of 1 nm. This work is aimed to identify the catalytic role of subnanometer species and methods to detect and characterize them. In this(More)
The catalytic properties of modified Au/TiO₂ catalysts for low-temperature CO oxidation are affected by deactivation and reactivation after long-term storage and by redox treatments. The effect of these phenomena on the catalysts was studied by HRTEM, BET, SEM, FTIR CO, XPS and H₂ TPR methods. The main cause for the deactivation and reactivation of(More)
Polypyrrole was synthesized in high yield by a biocatalytic method in mild aqueous media using hydrogen peroxide as oxidizer. A redox mediator, 2,2'-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzthiazoline-6-sulfonic acid) (ABTS) diammonium salt, was used to oxidize the pyrrole. ABTS is a very effective peroxidase substrate, which was enzymatically oxidized to generate a radical(More)
New iron-zinc chlorine single crystals of Fe1.5Zn1.5B7O13Cl boracite were grown by chemical transport reactions in closed quartz ampoules, at a temperature of 1173 K. The crystal structure was characterized by X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) using the Rietveld refinement method and belongs to the trigonal/rombohedral system with space group R3c (No. 161).(More)
The adsorption of sulphur multilayers on Au(100) has been studied using density functional theory (DFT) within the generalized gradient approximation (GGA). The first sulphur layer was adsorbed on the four-fold sites of the unreconstructed Au(100) surface forming a lattice. The experimental parameters of the lattice were reproduced taking into account the(More)
We report the surface modification of nanocrystalline Gd2O3:Eu(3+) phosphor by (3-Aminopropyl)trimethoxysilane (APTMS). The nanoparticles were first coated with silica using the Stöber process, and then annealed at 650 °C for 2 h. Afterwards, APTMS was functionalized onto the silica layer to obtain Gd2O3:Eu(3+) nanoparticles bearing amine groups on the(More)
The structural characterization of the new iron-zinc hepta-borate bromide with composition Fe(1.59)Zn(1.41)B(7)O(13)Br, prepared by chemical transport is reported. A rigid-body model with constrained generalized coordinates was defined in order to hold the positions of the B atoms at reasonable inter-atomic distances that typically would reach unacceptable(More)
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