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The ligand-binding subunit of the A1-adenosine receptor has been identified by photoaffinity labeling. A photolabile derivative of R-N6-phenylisopropyladenosine, R-2-azido-N6-p-hydroxyphenylisopropyladenosine (R-AHPIA), has been synthesized as a covalent specific ligand for A1-adenosine receptors. In adenylate cyclase studies with membranes of rat fat cells(More)
In a search for more selective A1 adenosine receptor agonists, N6-[(R)-(-)-1-methyl-2-phenethyl]-1-deazaadenosine (1-deaza-R-PIA, 3a), N6-cyclopentyl-1-deazaadenosine (1-deazaCPA, 3b), N6-cyclohexyl-1-deazaadenosine (1-deazaCHA, 3c), and the corresponding 2-chloro derivatives 2a-c were synthesized from(More)
2-Chloro-N6-cyclopentyladenosine (CCPA) was synthesized as a potential high affinity ligand for A1 adenosine receptors. Binding of [3H]PIA to A1 receptors of rat brain membranes was inhibited by CCPA with a K i-value of 0.4 nM, compared to a K i-value of 0.8 nM for the parent compound N6-cyclopentyladenosine (CPA). Binding of [3H]NECA to A2 receptors of rat(More)
The tritiated analogue of 2-chloro-N6-cyclopentyladenosine (CCPA), an adenosine derivative with subnanomolar affinity and a 10000-fold selectivity for A1 adenosine receptors, has been examined as a new agonist radioligand. [3H]CCPA was prepared with a specific radioactivity of 1.58 TBq/mmol (43 Ci/mmol) and bound in a reversible manner to A1 receptors from(More)
IMP dehydrogenase (IMPDH) is an enzyme which catalyzes the NAD-dependent conversion of inosine 5 -monophosphate (IMP) to xanthosine 5 -monophosphate (XMP) at the metabolic branch point in the de novo purine nucleotide synthetic pathway. IMPDH was shown to be increased significantly in cancer cells and therefore considered to be a sensitive target for cancer(More)
Thiazole-4-carboxamide adenine dinucleotide (TAD) analogues T-2'-MeAD (1) and T-3'-MeAD (2) containing, respectively, a methyl group at the ribose 2'-C-, and 3'-C-position of the adenosine moiety, were prepared as potential selective human inosine monophosphate dehydrogenase (IMPDH) type II inhibitors. The synthesis of heterodinucleotides was carried out by(More)
A series of erythro-1-(2-hydroxy-3-nonyl)imidazole derivatives have been synthesized and evaluated for adenosine deaminase (ADA) inhibitory activity, in order to introduce simplifications in the ADA inhibitors erythro-9-(2-hydroxy-3-nonyl)adenine (EHNA, 1a) and 3-deaza-EHNA (1c). Opening the pyrimidine or pyridine ring of EHNA or 3-deaza-EHNA respectively(More)
This study was undertaken in order to investigate the effect of 2-chloro-2'-C-methyl-N(6)-cyclopentyladenosine (2'-Me-CCPA), a potent and highly selective adenosine A(1) receptor agonist, on nociceptive responses and on the ongoing or tail flick-related changes of rostral ventromedial medulla (RVM) ON- and OFF-cell activities. Systemic administrations of(More)
To further investigate new potent and selective human A(1) adenosine receptor agonists, we have synthesized a series of 5'-chloro-5'-deoxy- and 5'-(2-fluorophenylthio)-5'-deoxy-N(6)-cycloalkyl(bicycloalkyl)-substituted adenosine and 2'-C-methyladenosine derivatives. These compounds were evaluated for affinity and efficacy at human A(1), A(2A), A(2B), and(More)