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BACKGROUND The gene encoding brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) has been suggested as a candidate for major depression, and for depression susceptibility in different neurological and psychiatric diseases. No study has investigated the role of BDNF genetic variation and depressive symptoms in Alzheimer's disease (AD). OBJECTIVE The aim of this study(More)
Several studies have been conducted to understand the genetic correlates of Alzheimer disease (AD)-related behavioral and psychological symptoms in dementia (BPSD). However, given that BPSD rarely occur in isolation, it has been suggested that targeting BPSD individually is too narrow of an approach if one wants to accurately define all the associated risk(More)
Twenty-one Parkinsonian patients were tested in on and off phases during chronic levodopa therapy for cognitive function, affective status, and evaluation of motor performance with reaction and movement times. A worsening of mood was observed from the on to the off phase. No variation in cognitive performance was observed from the on to the off phase in(More)
BACKGROUND APOE is the most recognized genetic risk factor for sporadic late-onset Alzheimer disease (AD). The role of APOE genotype in Lewy body dementia (LBD) is still unknown as well as the relationship between APOE genotype and cholesterol levels. OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to explore the association between APOE genotype and(More)
Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) tau ratio decrease (33kDa/55kDa forms) and mid-saggital midbrain-to-pons (MP) atrophy have been suggested as diagnostic markers for progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP). The usefulness of their combined evaluation has never been tested. We evaluated the CSF tau ratio and the MP atrophy as a combined marker for early identification(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this study was to investigate the cumulative effect of the genes likely involved in Alzheimer disease (AD)-related psychosis and their interaction with disease stage and environmental factors. METHODS Two hundred thirty-four patients with AD underwent clinical and neuropsychologic examination, behavioral and psychiatric(More)
The present retrospective analysis reports two studies. In Study 1, clinical aspects of aphasia are compared in right-handed (RH) and non-right-handed (NRH) patients; in Study 2, recovery from aphasia is compared in RH and NRH aphasic patients with a minimum of 5 months of daily language rehabilitation. From a continuous series of 1200 brain-damaged(More)
BACKGROUND Behavioural variant of frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD) frequently presents complex behavioural changes, that rarely occur in isolation. Targeting behavioural phenotypes instead of single behavioural symptoms may potentially provide a disease model in which to investigate brain substrates of behavioural abnormalities. OBJECTIVE To identify(More)
We report two female patients who became global aphasic following a large left hemisphere lesion. With passage of time they recovered to a considerable extent, but three years and six months, respectively, after the former CVA, a new stroke lateralized to the right hemisphere occurred and they showed a definite worsening of language disturbances.(More)
119 patients were enrolled in a double-blind randomized parallel study versus placebo carried out to assess both the efficacy and tolerability of L-deprenyl (10 mg/day) for treatment of patients with organic mental disorders of the Alzheimer type (DAT). The treatments were given for 3 months, starting after a run-in period of 15 days to evaluate efficacy. A(More)