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OBJECTIVE To evaluate the efficacy of probiotics in the prevention of gastrointestinal colonization by Candida species, of late-onset sepsis and neurological outcome in preterm newborns. STUDY DESIGN A prospective study was conducted in 249 preterms who were subdivided into three groups: one group (n=83) was supplemented with Lactobacillus (L.) reuteri,(More)
This preliminary study evaluated the use of the Platelia Candida antigen kit for the diagnosis of invasive candidosis in 70 of 184 pre-term infants admitted to a neonatal intensive care unit between March 2004 and March 2006. The frequency of confirmed candidaemia was 6.5%. The sensitivity and specificity of the assay were 94.4% and 94.2%, respectively,(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the possible additional benefit in terms of prognostic accuracy of an integrated application of a traditional scorable method of neurologic examination and the Prechtl's method of qualitative assessment of general movements (GMs) in a large population of 903 consecutive preterm infants. STUDY DESIGN Infants were enrolled from the(More)
BACKGROUND The Hammersmith Infant Neurological Examination (HINE) is a simple and scorable method for assessing infants between 2 and 24 months of age. AIMS The purpose of this retrospective study was firstly, to evaluate the neuromotor development of infants with cerebral palsy (CP) by the HINE, during the first year of age; secondly, to correlate the(More)
BACKGROUND Several studies reported on various aspects of visual function at term age and in the first months after birth but less has been reported in preterm infants before they reach termequivalent age. AIMS To assess the suitability of a battery of tests of visual function for use in infants born at <33weeks gestation (GA) and assessed before 34weeks(More)
BACKGROUND Late-preterms represent the 70% of the whole preterm population and are reported to be at higher risk for mortality and morbidity than term infants. AIMS To assess neurodevelopmental outcome in low-risk late-preterm infants at 12 and 18 months corrected age, to compare results of corrected and uncorrected age to those of term-born infants, to(More)
CHARGE association is a non-random constellation of Coloboma, Heart Disease, Atresia of the choana, Retarded mental development and growth, Genital hypoplasia, Ear anomalies and deafness. We report on a newborn with CHARGE association. In addition to the typical features our case presented anal atresia and rectovaginal fistula. Our patient had congenital(More)
AIM To determine reference values for procalcitonin (PCT) and C-reactive protein (CRP) for gestational age and to use these parameters as diagnostic markers of perinatal bacterial and fungal infection. METHODS PCT and CRP serum levels were measured in a case-control study in a group of 35 low birthweight infants (< 34 wk of gestation). 27 babies (77%) had(More)
VACTERL association includes three or more of the following six anomalies: V (vertebral anomalies), A (anal atresia), C (cardiac abnormalities), TE (tracheo-esophageal fistula and/or esophageal atresia), R (reno-urinary anomalies) and L (limb defects). VACTERL cases are classified as "associated" when other than the typical six defects are present in the(More)