Mario Giorgi

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The effect of beta-naphthoflavone (beta-NF) on several catalytic activities of cytochrome P450 (CYP) and phase II enzymes putatively controlled by [Ah]-receptor activation in the liver, heart and kidney of gilthead seabream, was investigated. In the liver, beta-NF treatment [intraperitoneal injection (i.p.) 50 mg/kg] resulted in an increase of CYP content,(More)
The study evaluated the pharmacokinetics of tramadol and its major metabolites O-desmethyltramadol (M1), N-desmethyltramadol (M2) and N-O didesmethyltramadol (M5) following a single oral administration of a sustained release (SR) 100mg tablet to dogs. Plasma tramadol concentration was greater than the limit of quantification (LOQ) in three dogs, M1 was(More)
The aim of the present paper was to test the oral administration of oral immediate release capsules of tramadol in dogs, to asses both its pharmacokinetic properties and its urine profile. After capsules administration of tramadol (4 mg/kg), involving eight male Beagle dogs, the concentration of tramadol and its main metabolites, M1, M2 and M5, were(More)
Currently, there are no reports on the effects of enrofloxacin (EF), a fluoroquinolone antibiotic, on the cytochrome p450 enzymes in fish, although its use as antimicrobial agent in aquaculture has been put forward. Therefore, the in vivo and in vitro effects of EF on hepatic p450 enzymes of sea bass, a widespread food-producing fish, have been evaluated.(More)
Boron nitride nanotubes (BNNTs) represent an innovative and extremely intriguing class of nanomaterials, and preliminar but encouraging studies about their applications in biomedicine have emerged in the latest years. As a consequence, a systematic investigation of their biosafety has become of fundamental importance in the biomedical research. Extending(More)
Boron nitride nanotubes (BNNTs) have attracted huge attention in many different research fields thanks to their outstanding chemical and physical properties. During recent years, our group has pioneered the use of BNNTs for biomedical applications, first of all assessing their in vitro cytocompatibility on many different cell lines. At this point, in vivo(More)
The aim of this study was to determine the pharmacokinetics of tramadol and its main metabolites after i.v. and i.m. injections. The pharmacokinetic cross-over study was carried out on 6 healthy male beagle dogs. Tramadol was administered by intravenous (i.v.) and intramuscular (i.m.) injection at 4 mg/kg. Tramadol and its main metabolites(More)
Parecoxib is an inactive pro-drug that is rapidly converted to valdecoxib, a selective cyclooxygenase (COX)-2 inhibitor registered for the management of post-operative pain in humans. Recent studies have suggested that parecoxib has excellent clinical efficacy and safety in veterinary species. The aim of the current study was to assess the pharmacokinetics(More)
Tramadol is a centrally acting analgesic drug used in veterinary and human clinical practice. Its metabolism has been largely characterized in human being but is still long to be comprehended in several animal species, especially in the dog. The aim of the present study was to develop and validate a new analytical procedure to investigate HPLC the(More)
Cimicoxib (CX) is a selective COX-2 inhibitor recently launched on the veterinary market. No analytical method to detect CX in biological samples has been published to date. The chromatographic separation was performed with a Kinetex C18 analytical column (100 mm × 4.6 mm, 2.6 μm particle size) at 25 °C. The mobile phase consisted of acetonitrile:buffer (10(More)