Mario Gaudino

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BACKGROUND It has been suggested that inflammation can have a role in the development of atrial arrhythmias after cardiac surgery and that a genetic predisposition to develop postoperative complications exists. This study was conceived to verify if a potential genetic modulator of the systemic inflammatory reaction to cardiopulmonary bypass (the -174 G/C(More)
BACKGROUND No information is available on the long-term results of radial artery (RA) grafts used as coronary artery bypass conduits. METHODS AND RESULTS In this report, we describe the long-term (105+/-9 months) angiographic results of a series of 90 consecutive patients in whom the RA was used as a coronary artery bypass conduit directly anastomosed to(More)
BACKGROUND In patients in chronic hemodialysis via upper extremity arteriovenous fistula in whom ipsilateral internal thoracic artery graft was used for myocardial revascularization, hemodynamic interference between the fistula and the graft during dialysis can be hypothesized. METHODS AND RESULTS In 5 patients undergoing chronic hemodialysis via upper(More)
OBJECTIVE Our objective was to evaluate the long-term survival and quality of life of patients who faced a prolonged (>10 days) postoperative stay in the intensive care unit and were discharged from the hospital. METHODS Among 3125 consecutive patients who underwent cardiac operations in a 5-year period, we prospectively identified 57 who faced a(More)
AIM The effects of post-operative left ventricular mass regression (LVMR) on clinical outcome after aortic valve surgery remains to be established. This study was intended to establish the impact of patient characteristics on post-operative survival in patients referred for aortic valve replacement (AVR), with particular regard to LVMR. METHODS AND(More)
BACKGROUND In patients who develop in-stent restenosis, successful revascularization can be difficult to achieve using percutaneous methods. This study was designed to verify the surgical results in this setting and to evaluate the potential beneficial role of arterial bypass conduits. METHODS AND RESULTS Sixty consecutive coronary artery bypass patients(More)
OBJECTIVES Use of both internal thoracic arteries in a Y graft configuration can raise concerns about the possibility of the single left internal thoracic artery being able to meet the flow requirements of two or three distal territories. We evaluated intraoperatively the flow reserve of a Y thoracic artery graft distally anastomosed to the anterior and(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the function in aortic position of cryopreserved pulmonary homografts subjected to pulmonary hypertension with that of normal cryopreserved pulmonary homografts. METHODS Pulmonary valves (52) were implanted in aortic position in different cardiothoracic centres. The valves were classified as follows: Group I-pulmonary hypertension(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the midterm angiographic results of the use of radial artery grafts for myocardial revascularization. METHODS The first 68 consecutive surviving patients who received a radial artery graft proximally anastomosed to the aorta at our institution were studied again at 5 years (mean 59 +/- 6.5 months) of follow-up; 48 of these patients(More)