Mario G. Fiori

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The cytoarchitectural analysis of the preoptic-anterior hypothalamic region of the Japanese quail reveals a sexual dimorphism in the total volume of the medial preoptic nucleus (significantly larger in males than in females). Different nuclei of the region (dorsal preopticus, suprachiasmaticus) do not show any statistically significant difference. The(More)
A decrease in Na+,K(+)-ATPase activity is claimed to play a central role in the pathogenesis of electrophysiological and morphological abnormalities that characterize the neuropathic complications in different animal models of diabetes mellitus. The peripheral nerves from 17 patients with either type I or type II diabetes mellitus were studied to assess the(More)
This double-blind study assesses the therapeutic efficacy and the safety of oral treatment with phosphatidylserine (BC-PS) vs placebo (300 mg/day for 6 months) in a group of geriatric patients with cognitive impairment. A total of 494 elderly patients (age between 65 and 93 years), with moderate to severe cognitive decline, according to the Mini Mental(More)
Murine thymus has been demonstrated to contain both cholinergic receptors and acetylcholinesterase activity. In the present study we have investigated the presence of the enzyme choline acetyltransferase in this organ, which is responsible for the synthesis of acetylcholine. Results reported here demonstrate that (1) an appreciable amount of the enzyme is(More)
Vincristine (VCR) administration to rabbits resulted in severe electrophysiologic alterations of peripheral nerves. Sciatic nerve conduction velocity, compound action potential (CAP) amplitude, and area under the CAP waveform were all reduced in a dose-dependent fashion. In addition, the pattern of conduction velocity of both motor and sensory fibers was(More)
ATPase activities were measured in sciatic nerves from rats with alloxan-induced diabetes (ALX-D) of various duration (2 wk, 5 wk, 9 wk, and 6 mo). Our data confirm that sciatic nerve Na+-K+-ATPase abnormalities are present very early in ALX-D rats, similar to results previously described in streptozocin-induced diabetic rats, spontaneously diabetic BB(More)
Vascular dementia is usually sporadic and associated with definite risk factors. Several cases also occur in a familial fashion, and may affect middle-aged or even younger subjects. Recently, an autosomal dominant inheritance was demonstrated in two unrelated French families, the members of which were affected by stroke-like episodes culminating in(More)
Urinary bladder dysfunction in the diabetic BB/W rat is characterized by infrequent irregular contractions of high amplitude. Initially these occur in the absence of detectable neuroanatomical lesions of sensory afferent and parasympathetic fibers of the pelvic nerve, which constitute the micturition reflex arc. Structural lesions consisting of progressive(More)
Spinal cord patterns of metabolic activity in a model of neuropathic pain were assessed in unanesthetized rats by the [14C]-2-deoxyglucose (2-DG) technique. Rats used in this procedure had demonstrable thermal hyperalgesia ipsilateral to sciatic nerve ligation and ipsilateral hindpaws that were lifted in a guarded position. The latter indicated possible(More)
beta,beta'-Iminodipropionitrile (IDPN) causes formation of axonal swellings in the proximal internodes of spinal motor axons. The swellings enlarge and demyelinate with the progression of the neuropathy. The correlation between axonal swellings and electrophysiologic function of motoneurons was examined in cats 2 to 35 days after initial administration of(More)