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How does the saccadic movement system select a target when visual, auditory, and planned movement commands differ? How do retinal, head-centered, and motor error coordinates interact during the selection process? Recent data on superior colliculus (SC) reveal a spreading wave of activation across buildup cells the peak activity of which covaries with the(More)
s We describe an apparatus and methodology to support real-time color imaging for night operations. Registered imagery obtained in the visible through near-infrared band is combined with thermal infrared imagery by using principles of biological opponent-color vision. Visible imagery is obtained with a Gen III image intensifier tube fiber-optically coupled(More)
The guaB mutant strain Rhizobium tropici CIAT8999-10T is defective in symbiosis with common bean, forming nodules that lack rhizobial content. In order to investigate the timing of the guaB requirement during the nodule formation on the host common bean by the strain CIAT899-10.T, we constructed gene fusions in which the guaB gene is expressed under the(More)
While antimicrobial and cytolytic peptides exert their effects on cells largely by interacting with the lipid bilayers of their membranes, the influence of the cell membrane lipid composition on the specificity of these peptides towards a given organism is not yet understood. The lack of experimental model systems that mimic the complexity of natural cell(More)
BACKGROUND Soil is among the most diverse and complex environments in the world. Soil microorganisms play an essential role in biogeochemical cycles and affect plant growth and crop production. However, our knowledge of the relationship between species-assemblies and soil ecosystem processes is still very limited. The aim of this study was to generate a(More)
The Abdominal-B selector protein induces organogenesis of the posterior spiracles by coordinating an organ-specific gene network. The complexity of this network begs the questions of how it originated and what selective pressures drove its formation. Given that the network likely formed in a piecemeal fashion, with elements recruited sequentially, we(More)
An overlay data plane for PlanetLab p. 8 Stakes of next-generation communication services p. 15 Implementation of next generation VDSL networks in metro ethernet backbone environments p. 21 Packet classification using adaptive rules cutting (ARC) p. 28 Fast retransmission of real-time traffic in HIPERLAN/2 systems p. 34 Location-based geocasting and(More)
Bordetella bronchiseptica, an aerobic Gram-negative bacterium, is capable of colonizing the respiratory tract of diverse animals and chronically persists inside the hosts by forming biofilm. Most known virulence factors in Bordetella species are regulated by the BvgAS two-component transduction system. The Bvg-activated proteins play a critical role during(More)