Mario E. L. Massaro

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A series of 75 cases of Gilles de la Tourette syndrome (GTS) from Argentina, whose ages ranged from 6 to 55 with a mean of 20.02, were evaluated to compare findings with those reported for other countries. Mean age at onset was 7.44 years and mean overall duration of symptoms was 12.58 years; 6.7% of cases were mild, 49% moderate and 44.3% severe. Most(More)
Intractable seizures are the most common manifestation in severe cases of tuberous sclerosis. Multidrug resistance type 1 (MDR1) gene expression is directly linked to the resistance of tumor cells to chemotherapy as the major cause of treatment failure, but it has not been reported in tuberous sclerosis cells nor has the relationship between the MDR1 gene(More)
We report on 30 cases of neuronal ceroid lipofuscinoses (NCL), mainly diagnosed in 1985-1993 in Argentina, whose population is predominantly of European descent. Twenty-four cases were late infantile Jansky-Bielschowsky (LINCL) and 6 were juvenile Spielmeyer-Vogt (JNCL). Sex ratio was female:male, 20:10. Age range and mean at onset and at diagnosis for the(More)
Thirteen children with severe Guillain-Barré syndrome were treated with human immune globulin. Patients received a mean total dose of 1.9 gm/kg of human immune globulin for 2 or 5 days. To evaluate the relationship between the response to human immune globulin and electrodiagnostic findings, we compared the clinical outcome of 3 groups of children. The(More)
Stroke is a well-documented complication of amphetamine abuse. Methylphenidate, chemically and pharmacologically similar to amphetamines, is widely used in the treatment of attention deficit disorder in children. The possibility of vasculitis connected to methylphenidate should not be surprising. A case is reported of stroke associated with ingestion of(More)
SUMMARY It is estimated that 20-25% of epileptic patients fail to achieve good control with antiepileptic drug (AED) treatment; thus, refractory epilepsy (RE) has been described in patients who have adequate therapeutic levels of AEDs without control of seizures. Multidrug resistance genes have been reported to be highly expressed in brain of patients with(More)
We identified 5 of 44 consecutive children (11%) with Guillain-Barré syndrome who had electrophysiologic evidence of severe reduction of the mean amplitude of the compound motor action potentials (mean CMAP amplitude < 10% of lower limit of normal). EMG studies revealed profuse fibrillation activity in distal and proximal muscles after 2 weeks of onset. We(More)
Pediatric myopathies comprise a very heterogeneous group of disorders that may develop at different ages and affect different muscle groups. Its diagnosis is sometimes difficult and must be confirmed by muscle biopsy and/or genetic analysis. In recent years, muscle involvement patterns observed on MRI have become a valuable tool, aiding clinical diagnosis(More)
The presence of inexcitable motor nerves early in the course of Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS) identifies a subgroup of patients with more severe disease and delayed recovery. How frequently these electrodiagnostic findings reflect a primary axonal attack ("axonal" GBS) is controversial. We present two children with severe acute GBS, delayed recovery, and(More)
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