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RATIONALE Plakophilin-2 (PKP2) is an essential component of the cardiac desmosome. Recent data show that it interacts with other molecules of the intercalated disc. Separate studies show preferential localization of the voltage-gated sodium channel (Na(V)1.5) to this region. OBJECTIVE To establish the association of PKP2 with sodium channels and its role(More)
BACKGROUND Reduced expression of connexin43 (Cx43) and sodium channel (Nav1.5) and increased expression of collagen (fibrosis) are important determinants of impulse conduction in the heart. OBJECTIVE To study the importance and interaction of these factors at very low Cx43 expression, inducible Cx43 knockout mice with and without inducible ventricular(More)
Desmosomes and gap junctions are distinct structural components of the cardiac intercalated disc. Here, we asked whether the presence of plakophilin (PKP)2, a component of the desmosome, is essential for the proper function and distribution of the gap junction protein connexin (Cx)43. We used RNA silencing technology to decrease the expression of PKP2 in(More)
RATIONALE The early description of the intercalated disc defined 3 structures, all of them involved in cell-cell communication: desmosomes, gap junctions, and adherens junctions. Current evidence demonstrates that molecules not involved in providing a physical continuum between cells also populate the intercalated disc. Key among them is the voltage-gated(More)
Regulation of cell-cell communication by the gap junction protein connexin43 can be modulated by a variety of connexin-associating proteins. In particular, c-Src can disrupt the connexin43 (Cx43)-zonula occludens-1 (ZO-1) interaction, leading to down-regulation of gap junction intercellular communication. The binding sites for ZO-1 and c-Src correspond to(More)
Connexins proteins associate with a variety of catalytic and non-catalytic molecules. Also, different domains of connexin can bind to each other, providing a mechanism for channel regulation. Here, we review some of these associations, placing particular emphasis on the intramolecular interactions that regulate Connexin43 (Cx43). We also describe some novel(More)
Connexin43(Cx43) channels can be regulated by a variety of factors, including low pHi. Structure/function studies from this laboratory have demonstrated that pH gating follows a particle-receptor mechanism, similar to the "ball-and-chain" model of voltage-dependent inactivation of ion channels. The question whether the particle-receptor model is applicable(More)
Connexin43 (Cx43) is the principal connexin isoform in the mouse ventricle, where it is thought to provide electrical coupling between cells. Knocking out this gene results in anatomic malformations that nevertheless allow for survival through early neonatal life. We examined electrical wave propagation in the left (LV) and right (RV) ventricles of isolated(More)
BACKGROUND Brugada syndrome (BrS) primarily associates with the loss of sodium channel function. Previous studies showed features consistent with sodium current (INa) deficit in patients carrying desmosomal mutations, diagnosed with arrhythmogenic cardiomyopathy (or arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy). Experimental models showed correlation(More)
AIMS The shRNA-mediated loss of expression of the desmosomal protein plakophilin-2 leads to sodium current (I(Na)) dysfunction. Whether pkp2 gene haploinsufficiency leads to I(Na) deficit in vivo remains undefined. Mutations in pkp2 are detected in arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC). Ventricular fibrillation and sudden death often occur(More)