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Genome regions containing multiple copies of homologous genes, such as the immunoglobulin (Ig) heavy-chain constant-region (IGHC) locus, are often unstable and give rise to duplicated and deleted haplotypes. Analysis of such processes is fundamental to understanding the mechanisms of evolution of multigene families. In the IGHC region, a number of single(More)
PURPOSE XRCC1 and XPD play key roles in the repair of DNA lesions and adducts. Contrasting findings have been reported on the effect of polymorphisms of these genes on the response to platinum-based chemotherapy in advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). This study aimed to investigate the relationship between the XPD Lys751Gln and XRCC1 Arg399Gln(More)
Direct gene analysis of the haptoglobin gene region was carried out by Southern blotting using an Hp cDNA as probe. Two types of polymorphism were observed: one due to intragenic duplication, is characterized by a constant fragment length difference of 1700bp observed with several enzymes and by complete correspondence with the protein molecular weight(More)
Two subjects, of 11,000 healthy individuals screened, were found to be missing three and four immunoglobulin isotypes, respectively (IgA1, IgG2, and IgG4; IgA1, IgG2, IgG4, and IgE), and have been analyzed at the DNA level by means of Southern blotting and Ig heavy-chain-specific probes. A broad deletion within the heavy-chain constant region (C) gene(More)
Human immunoglobulin heavy chain constant region (IGHC) genes constitute a typical multigene family, usually comprising eleven genes on the telomere of chromosome 14 (14q32). In this region, deleted and duplicated haplotypes have been reported to exist with considerable frequency. Their origin is the result of either unequal crossing-over or looping out(More)
The human immunoglobulin heavy chain constant gene locus (IGHC) is polymorphic at both the protein (Gm and A2m allotypes) and the DNA level [RFLP for the gamma genes (IGHG), the switch mu region (IGHSM) and the switch alpha regions (IGHSA)]. The polymorphisms have been a valuable tool for assessment of the IGHC locus organization and a variety of population(More)
A male patient with ambiguous external genitalia developed a seminoma in the left inguinal region; his internal genitalia included a streak gonad on the right and a small uterus. Cytogenetic studies demonstrated a dicentric Y chromosome with unstable behavior during cell division, which resulted in 45,X/46,X,dic(Y)/47,X,dic(Y),dic(Y) mosaicism.(More)
A group of 45 children affected with Coeliac Disease (CD) was typed for HLA-A, B, C, D, and DR specificities. The most significant associations were found with two alleles of the D series, with both cellular and serological typing. It is suggested that the susceptibility to CD is determined by two different genes within the HLA region, the first in common(More)
The association of HLA-A,B,C, DR polymorphisms and of Bf and GLO with coeliac disease was analysed in 100 Italian children. Primary involvement of HLA-DR3 and DR7 is apparent, while specificities of nearby loci are probably associated secondarily, because of linkage disequilibrium. Direct assessment of D/DR genotype through family studies and mixed(More)
In man, IgG4 is the least abundant of the four IgG subclasses, and its serum levels vary considerably from one subject to another. Its deficiency has been thought to lead to recurrent infections; nevertheless, it is also commonly found in healthy individuals (1/400 in the Italian population). In 39 subjects with IgG4 serum levels less than 1 microgram/ml,(More)