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BACKGROUND Although the mouse is the animal model most widely used to study the pathogenesis and treatment of human diseases, reference values for biochemical parameters are scanty or lacking for the most frequently used strains. We therefore evaluated these parameters in the C57BL/6J, 129SV/EV and C3H/HeJ mice. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS We measured(More)
TTF-1, a homeodomain-containing transcription factor, which is required for the specific expression of the thyroglobulin and thyroperoxidase gene promoters in differentiated thyroid cell lines, is expressed at the very beginning of rat thyroid differentiation. TTF-1 mRNA is detected in the endodermal cells of the thyroid rudiment in the rat embryo and(More)
The phosphorylation of thyroid transcription factor-1 (TTF-1), is homeodomain-containing transcription factor that is required for thyroid-specific expression of the thyroglobulin and thyroperoxidase gene promoters, has been studied. Phosphorylation occurs on a maximum of seven serine residues that are distributed in three tryptic peptides. Mutant(More)
The thyroid gland originates from the ventral floor of the foregut as a thickening of the endodermal cell layer. The molecular mechanisms underlying the early steps of thyroid morphogenesis are not known. Gene targeting experiments have contributed to the identification of several transcription factors, in general playing a role in the proliferation,(More)
BACKGROUND The transcription factor Nkx2-1 (also known as TTF-1, Titf1 or T/EBP) contains two apparently redundant activation domains and is post-translationally modified by phosphorylation. We have generated mouse mutant strains to assess the roles of the two activation domains and of phosphorylation in mouse development and differentiation. RESULTS(More)
The thyroid and lungs originate as neighboring bud shaped outgrowths from the midline of the embryonic foregut. When and how organ specific programs regulate development into structures of distinct shapes, positions and functions is incompletely understood. To characterize, at least in part, the genetic basis of these events, we have employed laser capture(More)
The transcription factor Pax8 is already known to be essential at very early stages of mouse thyroid gland development, before the onset of thyroid hormone production. In this paper we show, using a conditional inactivation strategy, that the removal of the Pax8 protein late in gland development results in severe hypothyroidism, consequent to a reduced(More)
Comparison of toxicogenomic data facilitates the identification of deregulated gene patterns and maximizes health risk prediction in human. Here, we performed phenotypic anchoring on the effects of acute exposure to low-grade polluted groundwater using mouse and zebrafish. Also, we evaluated two windows of chronic exposure in mouse, starting in utero and at(More)
Pluripotency confers Embryonic Stem Cells (ESCs) the ability to differentiate in ectoderm, endoderm, and mesoderm derivatives, producing the majority of cell types. Although the majority of ESCs divide without losing pluripotency, it has become evident that ESCs culture consists of multiple cell populations with different degrees of potency that are(More)