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The action of visual experience on visual cortical circuits is maximal during a critical period of postnatal development. The long-term effects of this experience are likely mediated by signaling cascades regulating experience-dependent gene transcription. Developmental modifications of these pathways could explain the difference in plasticity between the(More)
An evolutionary multi-objective optimization tool based on an estimation of distribution algorithm is proposed. The algorithm uses the ranking method of non-dominated sorting genetic algorithm-II and the Parzen estimator to approximate the probability density of solutions lying on the Pareto front. The proposed algorithm has been applied to different types(More)
The Extracellular Regulated Kinase 1 and 2 transduce a variety of extracellular stimuli regulating processes as diverse as proliferation, differentiation and synaptic plasticity. Once activated in the cytoplasm, ERK1 and ERK2 translocate into the nucleus and interact with nuclear substrates to induce specific programs of gene expression. ERK1/2 share 85% of(More)
A classical example of age-dependent plasticity is ocular dominance (OD) plasticity, triggered by monocular deprivation (MD). Sensitivity of cortical circuits to a brief period of MD is maximal in juvenile animals and downregulated in adult age. It remains unclear whether a reduced potential for morphological remodeling underlies this downregulation of(More)
The extracellular signal-regulated protein kinase ERK1/2 is a crucial effector linking extracellular stimuli to cellular responses: upon phosphorylation ERK [also known as mitogen-activated protein kinase P42/P44 (MAPK)] concentrates in the nucleus where it activates specific programs of gene expression. Notwithstanding the importance of this process,(More)
Increase in adipose mass results in obesity and modulation of several factors in white adipose tissue (WAT). Two important examples are tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFalpha) and leptin, both of which are upregulated in adipose tissue in obesity. In order to isolate genes differentially expressed in the WAT of genetically obese db/db mice compared to their(More)
A transaminase which catalyses the monodeamination of L-cystathionine was purified 1100-fold with a yield of 15% from bovine liver. The monoketoderivative of cystathionine spontaneously produces the cyclic ketimine. Other sulfur-containing amino acids related to cystathionine such as cystine, lanthionine and aminoethylcysteine were also substrates for the(More)
Aminoethylcysteine, lanthionine, cystathionine and cystine are mono-deaminated either by L-amino-acid oxidase or by a transaminase exhibiting the properties described for glutamine transaminase. The deaminated products cyclize producing the respective ketimines. Authentic samples of each ketimine were prepared by reacting the appropriate aminothiol compound(More)
MECP2 is an X-linked gene coding for a protein functioning as a transcriptional repressor. The protein MeCP2 (Methyl CpG-binding protein) is an abundant component of pericentric heterochromatin and its mutations or duplications are present in around 80% of patients with a neurological disorder known as Rett Syndrome. Although MeCP2 action depends critically(More)
In obesity, adipocytes undergo dramatic morphological and molecular changes associated with alterations in their gene expression profile. To identify genes differentially modulated in white adipose tissue (WAT) of obese db/db mice compared to wild type (wt) mice, we utilized RNA fingerprinting. Among the 52 candidates that we identified, we focused here on(More)