Mario Compiani

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In the genomic era DNA sequencing is increasing our knowledge of the molecular structure of genetic codes from bacteria to man at a hyperbolic rate. Billions of nucleotides and millions of aminoacids are already filling the electronic files of the data bases presently available, which contain a tremendous amount of information on the most biologically(More)
Back-propagation, feed-forward neural networks are used to predict alpha-helical transmembrane segments of proteins. The networks are trained on the few membrane proteins whose transmembrane alpha-helix domains are known to atomic or nearly atomic resolution. When testing is performed with a jackknife procedure on the proteins of the training set, the(More)
The most stringent test for predictive methods of protein secondary structure is whether identical short sequences that are known to be present with different conformations in different proteins known at atomic resolution can be correctly discriminated. In this study, we show that the prediction efficiency of this type of segments in unrelated proteins(More)
Back-propagation, feed-forward neural networks are used to predict the secondary structures of membrane proteins whose structures are known to atomic resolution. These networks are trained on globular proteins and can predict globular protein structures having no homology to those of the training set with correlation coefficients (Ci) of 0.45, 0.32 and 0.43(More)
Experimental investigations showed linear relations between flows and forces in some biological energy converters operating far from equilibrium. This observation cannot be understood on the basis of conventional nonequilibrium thermodynamics. Therefore, the efficiencies of a linear and a nonlinear mode of operation of an energy converter (a hypothetical(More)
In this work we describe a parallel system consisting of feed-forward neural networks supervised by a local genetic algorithm. The system is implemented in a transputer architecture and is used to predict the secondary structures of globular proteins. This method allows a wide search in the parameter space of the neural networks and the determination of(More)
Radial basis function neural networks are trained on a data base comprising 38 globular proteins of well resolved crystallographic structure and the corresponding free energy contributions to the overall protein stability (as computed partially from chrystallographic analysis and partially with multiple regression from experimental thermodynamic data by(More)
Protein secondary structures result both from short range and long range interactions. Here neural networks are used to implement a procedure to detect regions of the protein backbone where local interactions have a overwhelming eeect in determining the formation of stretches in-helical conformation. Within the framework of a modular view of protein folding(More)
A computational approach is essential whenever the complexity of the process under study is such that direct theoretical or experimental approaches are not viable. This is the case for protein folding, for which a significant amount of data are being collected. This paper reports on the essential role of in silico methods and the unprecedented interplay of(More)