Mario Casmiro

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Our objective was to describe incidence and clinical features of ALS from a prospective population-based study in Emilia Romagna Region (ERR). From 2009 onwards, a prospective registry recorded all incident cases of ALS among residents in the ERR (population, 4.4 million inhabitants), involving 17 neurological departments. For each patient, detailed(More)
In the last 14 years we have encountered 16 patients with spontaneous intracranial dissections of the vertebrobasilar (VB) system (mean age was 46 years and male/female ratio was 10/6). VB dissections presented in eight cases with subarachnoid bleeding and in eight with brainstem, cerebellar, or cerebral ischemia. Three patients had multiple dissections.(More)
Incidence of neuroepithelial Primary Brain Tumors (nPBT) varies, ranging from 7.3 to 11.6 cases/100,000/year across Europe. We present incidence and survival of nPBT in the Emilia-Romagna region (ER), Italy. This study is the largest in Southern Europe. Specialists in neurosurgery, neurology, neuroradiology, oncology, radiotherapy, genetics, and pathology(More)
We performed the first population-based case-control study on clinical risk factors and drug exposure in Guillain-Barré syndrome (GBS). Sixty patients with GBS were collected through an incidence survey performed in the Emilia-Romagna region of northern Italy. GBS patients were compared with 109 hospital controls (HC) and 59 population controls (PC) as for(More)
The aim of this study was to determine cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and serum neuron-specific enolase (NSE) concentrations in a normal population and to analyse their relationship with sex and age. The sample was recruited among patients undergoing spinal anaesthesia, without neurological diseases. NSE was determined by means of immunometric assay. One hundred(More)
We present the clinical and neuroimaging data of 4 patients (mean age: 62 years, range 54–67; mean follow-up: 19.5 years, range: 26 months-29 years) with chronic spastic atrophic hemiparesis (CSAH). Neuroimaging findings were non specific, CT scan and MRI showing white matter lesions located within the centrum semiovale in two cases, parieto-occipital lobe(More)
also underwent cardiac troponin I (cTnI) measurement. Known causes of cTnT elevation were excluded by means of 12-lead ECG (performed at the same time of cTnT sampling), clinical history, clinical evaluation (hemodynamic stability), laboratory findings, clinical follow-up, and further investigations (if required in each single case). The exclusion criteria(More)
Very few studies examined trend over time of the revised Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Functional Rating Scale (ALSFRS-R) and factors influencing it; previous studies, then, included only patients attending tertiary ALS Centres. We studied ALSFRS-R decline, factors influencing this trend and survival in a population-based setting. From 2009 onwards, a(More)
We determined the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and serum neuron-specific enolase (NSE) concentrations in 19 patients with acute benign headache. All patients had normal neurological examination, CSF and head computed tomography scan. The final diagnoses were: primary thunderclap headache (n = 7), primary exertional headache (n = 3), primary cough headache (n =(More)