Learn More
Bortezomib is a new proteasome inhibitor with a high antitumor activity, but also with a potentially severe peripheral neurotoxicity. To establish a preclinical model and to characterize the changes induced on the peripheral nerves, dorsal root ganglia (DRG) and spinal cord, bortezomib was administered to Wistar rats (0.08, 0.15, 0.20, 0.30 mg/kg/day twice(More)
Synapses in the central nervous system are typically studied by recording electrical responses from the cell body of the postsynaptic cell. Because neurons are normally connected by multiple synaptic contacts, these postsynaptic responses reflect the combined activity of many thousands synapses, and it remains unclear to what extent the properties of(More)
Agrin controls the formation of the neuromuscular junction. Whether it regulates the differentiation of other types of synapses remains unclear. Therefore, we have studied the role of agrin in cultured hippocampal neurons. Synaptogenesis was severely compromised when agrin expression or function was suppressed by antisense oligonucleotides and specific(More)
Cisplatin, paclitaxel and bortezomib belong to some of the most effective families of chemotherapy drugs for solid and haematological cancers. Epothilones represent a new family of very promising antitubulin agents. The clinical use of all these drugs is limited by their severe peripheral neurotoxicity. Several in vivo rat models have reproduced the(More)
An unsolved question is how platinum derivatives used for solid cancer therapy cause peripheral neuropathy in patients and apoptosis in "in vitro" models of chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy. DRG neurons from E15 rat embryos were treated with toxic doses of oxaliplatin or cisplatin. Here, the role of MAPKs in neuronal apoptosis was studied. Both(More)
l-Glutamate is one of the major excitatory neurotransmitters in the mammalian central nervous system, but recently it has been shown to have a role also in the transduction of sensory input at the periphery, and in particular in the nociceptive pathway. An excess of glutamate is implicated in cases of peripheral neuropathies as well. Conventional(More)
PURPOSE Alterations in mRNA for myelin proteins are reported in animal models of chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathies (CIPN); however, ultrastructural changes in aldehyde-fixed and plastic-embedded myelin are not evident by electron microscopy. Therefore, we used X-ray diffraction (XRD) to investigate more subtle changes in myelin sheath structure(More)
The calcium pools segregated within the endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi complex, exocytic, and other organelles are believed to participate in the regulation of a variety of cell functions. Until now, however, the precise intracellular distribution of the element had not been established. Here, we report about the first high-resolution calcium mapping obtained(More)
Junctional Adhesion Molecule-A (JAM-A) is a transmembrane adhesive protein expressed at endothelial junctions and in leukocytes. Here we report that JAM-A is required for the correct infiltration of polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMN) into an inflamed peritoneum or in the heart upon ischemia-reperfusion injury. The defect was not observed in mice with an(More)
We report on a procedure for tissue preparation that combines thoroughly controlled physical and chemical treatments: quick-freezing and freeze-drying followed by fixation with OsO4 vapors and embedding by direct resin infiltration. Specimens of frog cutaneous pectoris muscle thus prepared were analyzed for total calcium using electron spectroscopic(More)