Marinella Viola

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The pathogenic mechanism of neural tube defects may involve genetic polymorphisms and nutritional factors related to homocysteine metabolism. We evaluated the association of polymorphisms of three genes affecting vitamin B12-dependent remethylation of homocysteine, transcobalamin (TC), methionine synthase (MTR) and MTR reductase (MTRR), combined or not with(More)
BACKGROUND Maculopapular and urticarial rashes are nonimmediate manifestations common during penicillin treatment; the former often represent cell-mediated hypersensitivity. Our objectives were to assess the incidence of allergy in adults reporting nonimmediate manifestations during penicillin therapy and to evaluate the diagnostic potential of patch tests,(More)
BACKGROUND In some subjects, specific foods trigger anaphylaxis when exercise follows ingestion (specific food-dependent exercise-induced anaphylaxis, FDEIAn). Skin test and/or RAST positivity to foods suggest an IgE-mediated pathogenic mechanism. Others suffer from anaphylaxis after all meals followed by exercise, regardless of the food eaten (nonspecific(More)
In the last few years Cupressus sempervirens has been identified as the cause of an increasing number of cases of late winter-early spring pollinosis in Mediterranean countries. We conducted a 4-year retrospective study of a large group of subjects with documented allergic respiratory disease in order to determine the prevalence, clinical significance and(More)
BACKGROUND After penicillins, cephalosporins are the betalactams that most often induce IgE-mediated reactions. The development of diagnostic tests has been delayed, however, because the cephalosporin allergenic determinants have not been properly identified. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the usefulness of skin tests, serum specific IgE assays, and challenges in(More)
BACKGROUND Adverse reactions to nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are frequent, particularly among patients with chronic urticaria or asthma. The identification of an alternative safe and reliable drug is a common problem in clinical practice. OBJECTIVE To assess the tolerability of rofecoxib, a new NSAID that selectively inhibits the(More)
A patient with maculopapular reactions to iopamidol needed to undergo angiography for a cerebral arteriovenous malformation. In vivo and in vitro tests were performed with ionic and nonionic contrast media, including iopamidol and iobitridol. All results were positive, demonstrating delayed hypersensitivity. The patient received 6-alpha-methylprednisolone(More)
BACKGROUND Although clinicians avoid giving meropenem to patients with penicillin allergy because of potential cross-reactivity, the rate of cross-reactivity between penicillins and meropenem has not been prospectively determined. OBJECTIVE To assess the tolerability of meropenem in patients with documented penicillin allergy. DESIGN Prospective skin(More)