Marinella Portolani

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A 7-year-old male presented sudden-onset left hemiparesis, left-sided paresthesia, central paralysis of the left VII cranial nerve, and subsequent headache. Magnetic resonance scans were obtained 24 hours after admission. T(2)-weighted images disclosed hyperintensities located mainly in the posterior portion of the lenticular nucleus and in the head and(More)
INTRODUCTION Encephalomyeloradiculopathy (EMR) is a new syndrome, characterized by extensive involvement of the nervous system at different levels, including brain, medulla and spinal roots. We describe a patient presenting with prodromal febrile illness, followed by a wide infection of the nervous system with transverse myelitis and less severe meningitis,(More)
A platinum(II) complex with the antiviral drug acyclovir was synthesized and its antiviral and anticancer properties were investigated in comparison to those of acyclovir and cisplatin. The platinum-acyclovir complex maintained the antiviral activity of the parent drug acyclovir, though showing a minor efficacy on a molar basis (ID(50) = 7.85 and 1.02 muMu(More)
Most febrile convulsions (FC) in infants occur during a viral infection, particularly in children of less than 3 years of age; human herpesvirus 6 (HHV-6) has an important pathogenic role. To evaluate the link between this and other viruses and FC, a group of 65 children (mean age 18.46 months, SD +/- 9.19) with a first episode of simple FC (G1) was(More)
Herpes simplex virus 1 meningo-encephalitis was ascertained in a 63-year-old immunocompetent man. To determine the duration of the persistence of herpesvirus DNA in the central nervous system, the cerebrospinal fluid was periodically monitored by polymerase chain reaction for 53 days. In addition to HSV-1, Epstein-Barr virus DNA was detected in the(More)
Previous infection, both of bacterial and viral origin, is reported to represent an independent risk factor for ischemic stroke in children and young adults. The authors describe the case of an immunocompetent young woman who developed a middle cerebral artery thrombosis and stroke in course of a recurrence of human parvovirus B19 (PVB19) infection. A(More)
A study was carried out to search for the presence of the seven human herpesvirus DNAs in cerebrospinal fluid from 52 human immunodeficiency virus-infected patients with brain disorders. Cytomegalovirus DNA was the most prevalent with 12 positive samples; Epstein-Barr virus and varicellazoster DNAs were detected in three and two samples, respectively, while(More)
We investigated a transmissible cytotoxicity isolated in VERO cell cultures from a sample of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) drawn from a woman with ischemic brain injury. Amorphous aggregates formed by subunities of approximately 11 nm of diameter were detected in ultracentrifugates from partially purified cytotoxic cell preparations in the absence of(More)
When inoculated into cell cultures to search for cytopathic viruses, six out of 384 cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples from patients with different neurological disorders proved to have a transmissible cytotoxic activity (TCA) not correlated to a conventional infectious agents. Properties shown by a TCA previously detected in the CSF sample of a patient with(More)
1. Microglial cell activation occurs during brain injury, ischemia, and in several neurologic disorders. Recently, we isolated a transmissible cytotoxic activity (TCA) from the cerebrospinal fluid of a patient with brain ischemia. Such a TCA, associated with one or more protein(s) that supposedly had undergone in vivo misfolding, causes apoptosis in vitro(More)