Marinella Clerico

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OBJECTIVE T-helper 1 (Th1) and Th17 lymphocytes are involved in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis, the model of multiple sclerosis (MS). We characterized the Th1/Th17 cell populations in peripheral blood (PB), their interferon (IFN) receptor expression sensitivity to IFN-beta in MS patients. METHODS In 30 untreated patients with active MS (AMS)(More)
OBJECTIVE Recent findings support greater efficacy of early vs. delayed interferon beta (IFNbeta) treatment in patients with a first clinical event suggestive of multiple sclerosis (MS). We aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of early IFNbeta treatment in definite relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS) and to assess the optimal time to initiate IFNbeta treatment(More)
Of 37 multiple sclerosis patients, 19 suboptimal responders were randomized to 375 (n=12) or 250µg (n=7) interferon (IFN)-β-1b. mRNA levels of 23 cytokines, chemokines, and chemokine receptors were quantified by TaqMan low-density array (TLDA) real-time polymerase chain reaction. Better treatment responses or increased IFN-β doses were associated with(More)
OBJECTIVE To prospectively validate MRI activity and neutralising anti-interferon antibody (NAb) during the first 6 months of interferon beta treatment as response indicators in multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS Patients with relapsing-remitting MS were followed during the first 2 years of treatment. Neurological assessments were performed every 3 months(More)
OBJECTIVE To analyze changes in T-helper (Th) subsets, T-regulatory (Treg) cell percentages and function, and mRNA levels of immunologically relevant molecules during a 24-month follow-up after alemtuzumab treatment in patients with relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS). METHODS Multicenter follow-up of 29 alemtuzumab-treated patients with RRMS in(More)
Today many different drugs are available for treatment of multiple sclerosis (MS). Interferons, glatiramer acetate, mitoxantrone, and natalizumab have been approved by the regulatory authorities of many countries for the treatment of MS. Evidence based medicine (EBM) principles allow physicians to better address the correct treatment for patients. This(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate whether a histone deacetylase inhibitor (HDACi) would be effective in an in vitro model for the neurodegenerative disease Friedreich ataxia (FRDA) and to evaluate safety and surrogate markers of efficacy in a phase I clinical trial in patients. METHODS We used a human FRDA neuronal cell model, derived from patient induced(More)
IMPORTANCE There is an urgent need to identify reliable biomarkers of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) progression for clinical practice and pharmacological trials. OBJECTIVES To correlate several hematological markers evaluated at diagnosis with ALS outcome in a population-based series of patients (discovery cohort) and replicate the findings in an(More)
Long-term trials have demonstrated the continued efficacy of interferon (IFN) beta treatment in patients with relapsing-remitting (RR) multiple sclerosis (MS) during prolonged administration. The objective of the work was to evaluate the effects of reducing IFN beta administration frequency and total weekly dose in patients with RR MS who have achieved(More)